Performance Enhancing Drugs In Sports Essay

1863 words - 7 pages

Performance-Enhancing Drugs in SportsNicholas GriggsWestern International UniversityCOM110Lisa JohnsonDue Date: July 10, 2005The representatives in Washington, D.C. now want to pass more anti-performance-enhancing drug legislation aimed at professional athletes and not at the school-aged athletes. On April 26, 2005, Rep. Cliff Stearns, R- Fla., the chief sponsor of the bill, and Rep. Fred Upton, R-Mich., co-sponsor of the bill, introduced the "Drug Free Sports Act." Of the five major items addressed in the bill, four apply to the punishment of pro-athletes while the fifth item only requires a study of the use of performance-enhancing drugs in college and high school. In 1990, federal legislation passed making anabolic steroids illegal without a prescription, resulting in heavy fines and jail time for users and dealers. These laws apply not only to the athletic world but also to all citizens of the United States. From the person who wants a better-looking beach body to the student researching a thesis paper. If caught, the possibility of a fine and/or jail time exists Washington (Caile, 2005).Getting the edge over the other person has made using performance-enhancing drugs a part of sporting events for centuries, but these drugs have only been banned from the Olympics since 1968. According to Ivan Waddington, author of Sports, Health and Drugs,Performance-enhancing drugs have been used by people involved in sport and sportlike activities for some 2,000 years, but it is only recently (specifically, since the introduction of anti-doping regulations and doping controls from the 1960s) that this practice has been regarded as unacceptable. In other words, for all but the last three or four decades, those involved in sports have used performance-enhancing drugs without infringing any rules and without the practice giving rise to highly emotive condemnation and stigmatization (Sic) (Waddington 2000).Advances in technology concerning performance-enhancing drugs have supported the assertion that these drugs threaten the purity of sports. Athletes long ago used stimulants and painkillers to gain an advantage in competition. During the 1950s, synthetic versions of testosterone, the male sex hormone, were developed and were given the name anabolic steroids. Coaches, trainers, team doctors, and athletes saw the positive results of using these steroids by allowing the athlete to train harder and become better than their natural abilities in a shorter amount of time. During this time of performance-enhancing discovery, there were no studies showing the health effects of long-term steroid use (Waddington 2000).Led by the international Olympic movement, organized sport has attempted to prevent the use of performance-enhancing drugs by banning them; establishing testing programs and punishing athletes caught using prohibited substances. The International Olympic Committee laid down the basic anti-doping principles of sport in 1967:1. "protection of the athletes'...

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