American Pageant Chapter 7 Study Questions
1. What is a just society according to republicanism and what virtues do republican
governments depend on?
● a just society as one in which all citizens willingly subordinated their private,
selfish interests to the common good. Both the stability of society and the
authority of government thus depended on the virtue of the citizenry—its capacity
for selflessness, self-sufficiency, and courage, and especially its appetite for civic
2. Who were the radical Whigs and what were their ideas?
● The Whigs feared the threat to liberty posed by the arbitrary power of the
monarch and his ministers relative to elected representatives in Parliament.
● The Whigs mounted withering attacks on the use of patronage and bribes by the
king’s ministers—symptoms of a wider moral failure in society that they called
“corruption,” in the sense of rot or decay.
3. What did mercantilists believe and how did that affect the way the British handled
● Mercantilists believed that wealth was power and that a country’s economic
wealth (and hence its military and political power) could be measured by the
amount of gold or silver in its treasury.)
4. How did the colonists benefit from mercantilist policies?
5. Why did George Grenville think his new taxes were reasonable?
● stamp tax, to raise revenues to support the new military force.
● He was simply asking the Americans to pay a fair share of the costs for their
own defense, through taxes that were already familiar in Britain.
6. What were the admiralty courts and why were they so hated?
7. What was “virtual representation”?
● stated that the members of Parliament, including the Lords and the
Crown-in-Parliament, reserved the right to speak for the interests of all British
8. What were nonimportation agreements and why were they effective?
9. What were the committees of correspondence and who was a famous organizer of