Periodontal Disease Essay

1176 words - 5 pages

Periodontal Disease

     Periodontal disease is more commonly known as gum disease or gingivitis. This infection is serious enough, that it can lead to tooth loss if left untreated. This chronic infection starts around the tooth and it affects the supporting bone and gums. Periodontal disease can affect anywhere from one tooth to all thirty-two teeth. The disease pathology starts with the plaque that builds up on your teeth everyday.

     The plaque build up causes the gums to become red and inflamed. If not properly brushed off, the remaining plaque will also cause the gums to bleed. This stage of periodontal disease is commonly referred to gingivitis, literately meaning ¡°swelling of the gums.¡± There is no real pain associated with gingivitis. It is curable with a good dental cleaning and proper brushing and flossing at home. However, if left untreated gingivitis can lead to advanced periodontal disease.

     After a person has had untreated gingivitis for some time, plaque starts to grow and spread. It travels down below the gum line and the bacteria produce toxins. These toxins irritate the gums and cause the body¡¯s natural defenses to kick in. When the inflammatory response has been triggered for a while it causes the tissues that support the teeth and bone to break down. The gums begin to pull away from the tooth and a pocket forms.

A pocket is a space between the gums and teeth. The deeper the pocket is (in millimeters), the further the gums are from the tooth, and the more advanced the Periodontal disease is. A normal pocket depth of a health tooth is between one and three millimeters deep. Gingivitis is 4 millimeters deep. A pocket depth of five to tooth loss is advanced periodontal disease. (I¡¯ve seen pockets as deep as 12 millimeters deep) When your dental professional is checking pocket depth, they are performing what is called a perio-chart. Perio-charting should be done annually as a preventative measure of gum disease.

Plaque is the main cause of gum disease, but there are many contributing factors. Smoking is one of them. Most people are aware of the dangers of smoking. Not many people are aware that tobacco use significantly increases a person¡¯s chance for periodontal disease. Once diagnosed with periodontal disease, a smoker¡¯s chance of healing is dramatically decreased. If a smoker does heal from periodontal disease their chances of it reoccurring are high.

Genetics also play a small role in contracting the disease. It¡¯s estimate that thirty percent of people with periodontal disease were genetically susceptible. Exposure may also play a role in contracting the disease. People have contracted it from their partners. Pregnancy plays a role as well because when women are pregnant their bodies are generally more susceptible. A pregnant woman¡¯s gums are also extremely sensitive. Other common contributing factors are stress, types of medications a person has taken (oral contraceptives and...

Find Another Essay On Periodontal Disease

Based on current evidence how often should an individual visit their dental practitioner for a dental examination?

2310 words - 10 pages categorizes this as low quality study. More recently Darcey and Ashley (2011), criticized that the aforementioned studies as a blanket generalization of the disease. Susceptibility to periodontal disease is an outcome of bacterial infection, host response and behaviour factors, and is unique to each patient (Axelsson and Lindhe, 1981; Merchant, 2005). The complex interplay between these risk factors led to the development of mathematical algorithms

Paleopathology’s Depiction of Prehistoric Dental Diseases: Agriculture’s Negative Effects on The Human Time Capsule.

1794 words - 8 pages and modern times. In Paleopathology a mixture of factors like diets and oral hygiene can cause a series of different serious dental diseases. The introduction of Agriculture in prehistoric societies, a major change in diet within certain populations around the world, sheds light on the rising and high frequencies seen of dental diseases; the most prevalent being dental Caries that could be linked to dental Abscesses, Periodontal disease, Ante

Dental

1616 words - 7 pages , and glucoronate-rich proteoglycans. Periodontal ligaments fetal-like characteristics can help the development with inflammatory periodontal disease. The turnover being at high rights it’s beneficial to analyzing the attributes of the periodontal ligament. Fibrous ligament or anklyosis of the tooth to bone can attach the teeth to the jaws. The alveolar bone is part of the mandible or maxilla which shields the teeth. Alveolar bone provides the

Dental health & access to dental health.

3220 words - 13 pages regular basis and have poor oral health which can lead to poor overall health (A Solution...).Constant pain from decaying teeth can make a good night's sleep impossible, causing adults and youths to be irritable and too tired to concentrate at work or school. Gum disease (It is also called periodontal disease and is defined as the inflammation of the structures that surround and support the teeth) can make it painful to chew or eat certain foods

Today's Youth Should Drink More Milk

683 words - 3 pages known fact about the benefits of dairy consumption is oral health. Not only is the calcium in milk important for healthy teeth but also for preventing periodontal disease later in life. In fact, it is so helpful that some sources recommend at least 55 ounces or more of products containing lactic acid, stating that this will significantly lower one’s risk of periodontal disease and clinical attachment loss of gum tissue (“Want Healthy Gums? Hit

Dental Care in the Underserved

2314 words - 10 pages affects overall health. This realization began in 1944 with the Public Health Service Act; it was asking for a movement protecting oral health as it was linked to overall health (Imes par. 4). More research is coming out on this subject, but already bacteria from periodontal disease has been found in the brain, lungs, and heart (Institute of Medicine. 33). With oral health being increasingly important and low-income families and countries being

Oral Hygiene and Disease

1463 words - 6 pages hygiene regimens and practices. If the average person fails to keep up with what’s going on in their mouth, the bacteria that forms and builds up can lead to gum disease, tooth decay, and even heart issues. And a little prevention goes a long way. Periodontal-disease bacteria will gather and hide in the corners of mouths and begin feeding on substances within the mouths. “The feeding results in plaque, which is a gummy film that covers the teeth. The

content

643 words - 3 pages periodontal, etc. Unknown . Genetic, environmental, hormonal, immunologic, and infectious factors may play significant roles. Tobacco use has a significant correlation with disease outcome. Treatments Till now, no cure has been detected for rheumatoid arthritis but a number of treatments are available to reduce the symptoms and hence slow down the progression in disease. The treatments vary from person to person as all of them do not respond exactly

Physiology of Periodontal and Dental Problems

1552 words - 6 pages that, peripheral blood of chronic periodontitis patients contains comparatively mature precursors of osteoclasts that have the capacity to become osteoclast like cells due to the fact that the precursors need less triggering at the site of inflammation to separate into osteoclasts. Porphyromonas Gingivalis is known as a gram-negative, black pigmented anaerobe that has been involved in the study of periodontal disease. It induces the synthesis of

The Diabetes Epidemic in Amerca

1178 words - 5 pages inflammation, periodontal abscesses, and chronic periodontal disease as well. The increased prevalence of dental caries in young diabetic patients is related to reduced salivary flow (Bureau). After diagnosis extra steps are need to be taken into managing the disease. Changing the lifestyle habits is a key step. This means activity levels and eating habits. Exercising more to become physically fit is a beneficial step. Also, eating fast acting

Braces and Crohn's Disease

1291 words - 5 pages ://www.mylifemysmile.org/why-orthodontic-treatment/> Baumgart, D., & Sandborn, W. (2012). Crohn’s disease. The Lancet, 380, 1590-1605. Lauritano, D., & Caccianiga, G. (2013). Periodontal aspects in orthodontics. OA Dentistry, 1-7. Wade, W. (2013). The oral microbiome in health and disease. Elsevier Pharmacological Research, 69, 137-143.

Similar Essays

Hiv And Periodontal Disease Essay

2533 words - 10 pages "Periodontal Considerations in the HIV-Positive Patient" by the Committee on Research, Science and Therapy of The American Academy of Periodontology shows a correlation between a worldwide public health problem known as HIV and periodontal disease. This article reviews clinical signs and symptoms, treatments, and the pathogenesis of HIV-related periodontal findings. HIV predominant mode of transmission is thru heterosexual contact. Many of the

Stress, Depression And Periodontal Disease Essay

763 words - 3 pages The homeostasis of the human body can easily be disturbed by stress. Anxiety and stress can lower the capability of the immune system in response to prevention of disease. The human body even though so resilient, it can become very fragile while undergoing stress. The first articles I have chosen for this project will explain the correlation of stress to Periodontal Disease. In comparison, we will also look at the second article, which explains

A Comprehensive Review Of Periodontitis

1923 words - 8 pages problems. Typically this disease is diagnosed using a multi-faceted approach, which includes using hand instruments to measure the depth of periodontal pockets and taking X-ray films of the patients mouth to determine bone loss. The most recent classification system for periodontal diseases was developed in 1999 and is broken into seven major categories. The only reversible category is the first category. All of the subsequent categories are

Prevention Of Periodontitis Essay

1812 words - 7 pages available for the prevention of periodontitis is the use of an antiseptic mouthwash. While proper use of mouthwash in conjunction with the other techniques can help cure gingivitis, once periodontal disease has elapsed stage 1 of periodontal disease, no amount of mouthwash or brushing can restore attachment lost in the periodontium. Dental professionals can also offer stronger more effective treatments for the prevention and treatment of periodontitis