Periods Of Greek Art Essay

807 words - 4 pages

Greek art has changed throughout the years, yet some basic forms have remained. Time, technique, as well as historical events have helped shape the way art has evolved since 600 B.C. Three important periods in Greek art are the Archaic, Classical, and Hellenistic periods. We will discuss how art has changed throughout these periods, what influences led to change, as well as why it changed. We will also discuss what has remained constant through these periods. Since people’s perceptions and taste of art are different, some would say that art has become better with time, whereas others would say the opposite, but nonetheless, it has evolved.
The Archaic period dates from 800 B.C. to 480 ...view middle of the document...

Greek sculpture during this time was not merely for artistic display. Statues were sculpted for public memorials, offerings to temples and sanctuaries, and for grave markers. Statues during this Archaic period were depictions of beauty, honor or sacrifice. Most sculptures were made of bronze but metal was also used. Kouros
That leads us to the Classical period which dates from 480 B.C. to 323 B.C. When the Classical period started, change in style and function of sculpture was seen. Poses became more naturalistic and depicting variety of poses increased. During this time, sculptures started depicting real people. The statues of Harmodius and Aristogeiton were the first public monuments of actual people. These were displayed in Athens to mark the overthrow of tyranny. Ancient temples by time had crumbled or been destroyed by wars. Perikles became head of state and began reconstruction. His friend Phidias, a sculptor, was assigned to oversee the reconstruction. Parthenon was built and dedicated to Athena the warrior princess. It was constructed with columns around the outside as well as inside and the roof rose to a peak. It was decorated with sculptures and painted vividly colored. Inside was a sculpture made by Phidias of Athena, made from gold and ivory and standing 30 feet tall. The Athena statue is one of the greatest works of the Classical period. The Parthenon was completed in 15 years. Funeral sanctuary also evolved during this...

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