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Peripheral Tolerance Essay

980 words - 4 pages

In today’s society, the safety of vaccinations comes up often in medical discussion. One such controversy which comes up to this day is the supposed, and discredited, link between autism and vaccinations. In 1998, a study was published in the journal Lancet, as to how autism was related to vaccinations. However, the research by Andrew Wakefield, the leader of this study, was found to be fabricated, and he had his medical license revoked consequently. The link between autism and vaccinations was further disproved in a scientific study by the Institute of Medicine in 2004. Regardless of the release of this study, anti-vaccination groups, such as the Vaccination Liberation Group, still attempt ...view middle of the document...

However, vaccines are indeed necessary, safe, and effective as seen in 1998 when millions of parents refused to vaccinate their children due to such a controversy. As a result of this, the United States witnessed the outbreaks of diseases such as measles and whooping cough, diseases which were otherwise non-existent, for lack of a better term, became relevant for the first time in decades due to vaccines not being used as evidenced by the statistics present in Susan Brink’s article "One Thing We Know About Autism: Vaccines Aren't to Blame”. Such an occurrence, however, is placed not on the shoulders of one, person, but the community as a whole. This further pushes the importance of vaccination within community medicine.
Regardless of the claims anti-vaccination groups make, one should do the research regarding vaccinations and how they operate not only on an individual scale, but on a community scale as well. Without vaccinations, diseases which were greatly feared fifty years ago, such as polio, are extremely rare today. As far as community medicine goes, due to community immunity, or herd immunity, vaccinations are vital in keeping people healthy. The safety of others depends on the community immunity, which is defined by the CDC EXCITE: Resource Library as, “A situation in which a sufficient proportion of a population is immune to an infectious disease (through vaccination and/or prior illness) to make its spread from person to person unlikely”. However, not everyone can be vaccinated due to certain instances such as being pregnant or being a newborn. These people are offered some sort of protection as the disease is contained, making it harder for one to become infected.
Vaccination in modern society is necessary, safe, and effective. However, groups such as the Vaccination Liberation group fight against these facts. The actions some of these anti-vaccination groups fight against vaccination with the logical fallacy of making the appeal to nature. Not only is such an approach to fighting...

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