Persian Gulf War Essay

2722 words - 11 pages

Introduction
Soldiers falling, bullets flying, tensions rising, the Persian Gulf War was a significant war in terms of modern American history. The Cold War was a time of unease throughout the nation, from the end of World War Two in 1945 to the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991. After the Vietnam War ended poorly in the early 1970s, the United States remained out of war for another 20 years. When Iraq was threatening to invade Saudi Arabia in late 1990, the United States knew it had to intervene. After roughly two decades without war, America did not know how it’s military ranked up on an international level, especially against an Iraqi military that was the second largest in the world (Smith 2013). Soon after the stockpiling of coalition forces in the Middle East, the invasion of Iraq began. Weakening targets first with naval strikes, the ground forces invaded the Iraqi forces and liberated Kuwait. As soon as it started, the war ended in favor of the coalition forces. Due to the excellent preparations prior to the war, the United States led a swift battle against Iraq, which led to a successful outcome and restored faith in American citizens.

Causes of the War
During the 1970s and 1980s the United States and their allies supplied Saddam Hussein’s dictatorship of Iraq with a massive arsenal of weapons such as missiles and tanks, and the supplies needed to create chemical and nuclear weapons. The entire goal of stocking the Iraqi military was to end Muslim extremism in Iran, which controlled the country at the time. The Iraqi military was brutal in its attacks against Iran using highly inhumane chemical weapons, and the war with Iran ended after 8 long years. Hussein was also known to attack the Kurdish people of Turkey with chemical bombs in the late 1980s because their religion differed from his own (Causes of the Persian Gulf War 2013). Although the United States accomplished what it hoped to in having Iraq defeat Iran, the military power of Iraq backfired in the 1990s.
In the early morning on August 2, 1990, Saddam Hussein led over 80,000 soldiers across the border of Kuwait to seize the land. Kuwait is a very small, but oil rich country bordering the Persian Gulf (The Persian Gulf War 2013). Iraqi forces captured the Capital city, Kuwait City, by moving along their highways and then by continuing to move south along the coast. After only a few weeks the country was under Iraqi control. Although Saddam claimed he invaded Kuwait because it was historically part of Iraq, it was assumed he really just did it for the plethora of resources and to conquer more territory (Causes of the Persian Gulf War 2013). Saddam Hussein also declared that he invaded Kuwait because they were over producing oil in their country. Hussein claimed it was costing Iraq over $14 billion a year due to the lowering over oil prices (The Persian Gulf War 2013). Hussein also stated that Kuwait was illegally pumping oil from its oil fields in Romania. Iraq conquered the...

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