Synopsis of a Journal Article
This synopsis journal is based on the writings of Peter Schmid, person Centered psychotherapy. In this synopsis we will look at the application and back ground of Person Centered therapy and how it was introduced by Carl Rodgers in the 1940s and how it has evolved since then.
Person Centered Therapy – also known as the humanistic approach to counselling; meaning the person or client is at the centre of the therapy and that the experiences of the client are met with a non-judgmental approach by the therapist. It differentiates it’s self by putting the experiences of the client and the therapist and the here and now relationship at the centre of attention. More importantly person centered therapy focuses on the clients present day relationships. The client’s experiences are taken seriously without any exception as this is happening in the here and now. In order to achieve this we must look at how the person has developed into who they are today through the relationships they’ve had in the past and how in the future they can develop themselves further. The client shows evidence that they can develop skills to live life and be able to deal with what comes at them using the resources they have within them.
Outside of psychotherapy the person centered approach is a way of working with people in every walk of life and situations encompassing of all the human undertakings where interpersonal relations are central.
History of person centered therapy
Introduced by Carl Rodgers in the 1940s America, Rodgers person cantered approach theory was the opposite to that of Freud’s psychoanalytical approach and was based on non directive therapy. The main essence of the theory was for the client to build a relationship with the therapist that was of equal standing, trustworthy, genuine, non-judgmental and congruent.
Carl Rodgers was born on January 8th 1902 in Chicago, he described his home life as a hard working close family unit that where of protestant beliefs. Rodger’s became a student at the University of Wisconsin in the field of agricultural science, in his first year he joined a Sunday morning group for the agricultural students that was run by Professor George Humphrey. The group and especially Professor Humphrey had a profound influence on Rodgers, Humphrey had an unusual approach to teaching and would encourage the students to make their own decisions and refused to take on the conventional leaders role. Rodgers later referred to his experience with Humphrey’s as an “excellent example of facilitated leadership” (Burton, 1972: 36). Rodgers would later abandon his agriculture studies and take up psychology at the Teacher’s College of Columbia University in New York City. His first work as a psychologist was with children and was based on behaviours and psychoanalysis ideas. As his clinical experience grew Rogers became more convinced that a centralised approach to the client was more effective. The...