Social Darwinism: Past And Present Essay

1609 words - 6 pages

Social Darwinism is the idea that society evolves from a primitive to complex civilization. This is because those that are fit to survive live and those who are not fit to survive die, leaving only the fit. Society has no responsibility to help the weak because to help them would allow them to survive, which would interfere with evolution and weaken society. This idea of Social Darwinism was created by Herbert Spencer, by applying the biological concepts of Charles Darwin to society. Social Darwinism was used to justify many events which would be viewed as immoral today. During the Industrial Age, the government practiced the idea of Social Darwinism and was reluctant to provide support for those who were not capable of survival. Social Darwinism was the source for the lack of support by the government towards society's problems.During the dawn of the Industrial Revolution throughout the late 19th and early 20th century, there was an increase in the amount of corporations and factories being built in the United States. This was because of a great amount of new technology that was being created, such as the control of electricity, which increased the efficiency to get things done. This brought a wide variety of consumer goods and millions of additional jobs. Factories were in desperate need for employees who would work for very low wages to make this merchandise. Because there was an increase in the number of jobs available, people moved away from farms and towards cities. This brought a great number of people to the cities, however, cities had difficulty accommodating the increased numbers of people (Patterns of Urbanization). At that time, buildings could not extend above five stories due to the lacking elevator technology and the lack of ability to supply water above that height. Because of this, there was limited space and great amounts of crowding occurred, which forced large families to live is very small apartments together (Urbanization). Cities were unhealthy places because of numerous contagious diseases, and the lack of sanitation. Jacob Riis, also known as the "Emancipator of the Slums", took many photographs of urban living conditions in New York City which were published into a book called "How the Other Half Lives" in 1890. He also found that in some tenements, the infant death rate was one in ten (Riis, Jacob). At this time, the government followed the Social Darwinism belief of survival of the fittest and didn't feel it was their duty to help the poor who lived in these slums. Since the government was reluctant to provide help for the poor, social reformers, such as Jane Addams, believed that they should provide education and opportunity for the poor. In 1889, Addams created the Hull House in Chicago, where she lived and worked among the poor. Addams set up a kindergarten, a day nursery, and an employment bureau for the poor (The Social Response to Industrialization). Even though social reformers were helping the poor survive,...

Find Another Essay On Social Darwinism: Past and Present

Past, Present and Future Essay

1202 words - 5 pages Past, Present and FutureIntroductionThis paper reflects upon my personal and professional growth during my study at the University of Phoenix. I am actively pursuing a degree in marketing. During my journey, I have undergone many personal and professional changes.Part One- PastWhen beginning my journey at the University of Phoenix there was a void in my life and a feeling of disappointment that I had not furthered my education. I had always

Past and Present Life Essay

1285 words - 5 pages . Evans-Pritchard, and Nuer Journeys, Nuer Lives, by Jon D. Holtzman, the lives of pastoralists in southern Sudan are discussed. In the selection by Evans-Pritchard, we learn about a group who’s social and economic structures rely heavily on cattle. Cattle cannot be tended by a single family alone, so several families may tend and protect their cattle together. The cattle belong to the head of the household, and even among his death, the family

Japan, Past and Present

1134 words - 5 pages Japan, Past and Present When I think of Japan and its people, I think of geishas, elaborate festivals, and its age old customs. What I’ve come to learn about Japan is that it’s a combination of old tradition but very modern advances. Japan is a modern country that has moved towards democracy and is today one of the strongest economies in the world. And though history plays a major role in Japanese culture, it has truly evolved into a country

Gender Inequalities, Past and Present

1720 words - 7 pages to the present day to see if things have improved or deteriorated in modern society. Before looking into the concepts of gender inequalities, we must first explore gender itself which is the division into two groups - men and women. In sociological terms, it has been pointed out by transgender activist Leslie Feinberg that: ‘gender is a key factor that shapes social behaviour and social institutions.’ and ‘gender is ‘understood

PAst present and future racism

2065 words - 8 pages in a socially desirable manner and to present a positive image of themselves and their group, will go to great lengths to avoid enacting their prejudices (van Dijk, 1987). Furthermore, as will become clear in the following paragraphs, discrimination is not always motivated by prejudice.Traditionally, social scientists generally have distinguished between two forms of racial discrimination, namely, direct and indirect racial discrimination

Racism: Past, Present and Future

2005 words - 8 pages Prologue While coming up with a topic for this paper, one of my questions dealt with war and cultural groups. I will be the first to admit, Racism was the last thing on my mind. The original question being, “How does war affect a Social Culture and how does it stand today?” When I started thinking about Cultures that had been so deeply affected by war, one of the first that came to mind were the Japanese in World War II. Then I recalled what

Multimedia: Past, Present, and Potential

1527 words - 6 pages Multimedia: Past, Present, and Potential Upon being asked for an example of what "interactive multimedia" is, what would a common response be? Video games might come to mind. Though this is a valid response and a ready example of multimedia, it is important not to limit it to solely entertainment. I have come to believe that most people pigeonhole multimedia because it encompasses such a broad spectrum that it is hard to understand otherwise

Technology: Past, Present, and Future

1593 words - 6 pages Technology: Past, Present, and Future Remember the days of the Old West? The women walked around with their parasols or rode in a horse drawn carriage and the men rode fast and furious on their horses. Everything you needed was right there in town: the saloon, the general store, and the barber. When one needed to get somewhere, they would walk. If they needed to travel far, there were steam-powered locomotives. As towns and cities grew

Freud: Past, Present and Future

1647 words - 7 pages once long ago strived to research, study, and interpret the psychological field have all paved the way for the impact that these theories hold. The methods of learning this information and passing it on for other generations to study, research, and apply to their new approaches is why knowing about past historical figures is important today.Other works that Sigmund Freud researched, studied, and brought about can be compared to his development of

NASA: Past, Present And Future

6490 words - 26 pages NASA: Past, Present and Future by Jeremy Wray April 26, 2001 English 15 PSU Beaver Campus Professor Clippinger Introduction         The topics of outer space, how to get there, what's out there, and what can we do out there, have been around since the beginning of human civilization. Until only recently, the last several decades, our thoughts were at best, guesses. With the beginning of the

Dangerous Liaisons: Present and Past

2117 words - 8 pages Dangerous Liaisons: Present and Past       Halfway through viewing Dangerous Liaisons, a remarkable contrast as well as a huge parallel came to mind.  The film's principal characters' treatment of their promiscuity was quite different from what we see today.  They were quite covert about their sexual relations, and often concocted cunning plans to assure the secrecy of their activities.  Today we find quite the opposite taking place

Similar Essays

Capitalism And Social Darwinism Essay

1395 words - 6 pages by the poor to pull themselves out of their situation. Ironically they propose to cut social welfare and label those receiving benefits as society’s waste, and then they defend the right of human life at any stage of life or social development. Sometimes present clergy and politicians see the damage Social Darwinism and Capitalism and call attention to it. Recently, Pope Francis called Capitalism “a new tyranny” and President Obama called

The Past, Present And Future Of Social Security

3124 words - 12 pages declined for each new group of retirees because later generations contributed to the Social Security system for the duration of their careers and were subject to higher payroll taxes. The ratio for future generations of retirees is projected to decline further. The critical factor is the ratio of current workers to retirees. Social Security was designed as a ?pay-as-you go? insurance program, with the present workforce paying for the

Genocides Past And Present Essay

1756 words - 8 pages Genocides Past and Present Genocide, a dire event, has been recurring time and time again throughout history. In the past, there was the Holocaust, where Hitler exterminated over six million Jews based on his anti-semitic views. Elie Wiesel, a Jewish author, has become a very influential man in educating the world of the true events of the Holocaust due to his involvement in the disaster. Presently, a genocide is occurring in the Darfur region

Past, Present, And Future Essay

1626 words - 7 pages Running Head: PAST, PRESENT AND FUTURE 6Past, Present and FutureLawrence Collins, Jr.GEN 480July 8, 2013Remona ClarkPast Present and FuturePastEvery student has his or her story. Mine began in the cafeteria where I had worked. A fellow employee was working on his homework during lunch. Being curious, I asked questions. As with my friend, I immediately saw the potential for University of Phoenix (UOP) to help me reach my long-term goals. Two