This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Social Darwinism: Past And Present Essay

1609 words - 6 pages

Social Darwinism is the idea that society evolves from a primitive to complex civilization. This is because those that are fit to survive live and those who are not fit to survive die, leaving only the fit. Society has no responsibility to help the weak because to help them would allow them to survive, which would interfere with evolution and weaken society. This idea of Social Darwinism was created by Herbert Spencer, by applying the biological concepts of Charles Darwin to society. Social Darwinism was used to justify many events which would be viewed as immoral today. During the Industrial Age, the government practiced the idea of Social Darwinism and was reluctant to provide support for those who were not capable of survival. Social Darwinism was the source for the lack of support by the government towards society's problems.During the dawn of the Industrial Revolution throughout the late 19th and early 20th century, there was an increase in the amount of corporations and factories being built in the United States. This was because of a great amount of new technology that was being created, such as the control of electricity, which increased the efficiency to get things done. This brought a wide variety of consumer goods and millions of additional jobs. Factories were in desperate need for employees who would work for very low wages to make this merchandise. Because there was an increase in the number of jobs available, people moved away from farms and towards cities. This brought a great number of people to the cities, however, cities had difficulty accommodating the increased numbers of people (Patterns of Urbanization). At that time, buildings could not extend above five stories due to the lacking elevator technology and the lack of ability to supply water above that height. Because of this, there was limited space and great amounts of crowding occurred, which forced large families to live is very small apartments together (Urbanization). Cities were unhealthy places because of numerous contagious diseases, and the lack of sanitation. Jacob Riis, also known as the "Emancipator of the Slums", took many photographs of urban living conditions in New York City which were published into a book called "How the Other Half Lives" in 1890. He also found that in some tenements, the infant death rate was one in ten (Riis, Jacob). At this time, the government followed the Social Darwinism belief of survival of the fittest and didn't feel it was their duty to help the poor who lived in these slums. Since the government was reluctant to provide help for the poor, social reformers, such as Jane Addams, believed that they should provide education and opportunity for the poor. In 1889, Addams created the Hull House in Chicago, where she lived and worked among the poor. Addams set up a kindergarten, a day nursery, and an employment bureau for the poor (The Social Response to Industrialization). Even though social reformers were helping the poor survive,...

Find Another Essay On Social Darwinism: Past and Present

Past, Present, and Future Essay

1626 words - 7 pages Running Head: PAST, PRESENT AND FUTURE 6Past, Present and FutureLawrence Collins, Jr.GEN 480July 8, 2013Remona ClarkPast Present and FuturePastEvery student has his or her story. Mine began in the cafeteria where I had worked. A fellow employee was working on his homework during lunch. Being curious, I asked questions. As with my friend, I immediately saw the potential for University of Phoenix (UOP) to help me reach my long-term goals. Two

Past, Present and Future Essay

1202 words - 5 pages Past, Present and FutureIntroductionThis paper reflects upon my personal and professional growth during my study at the University of Phoenix. I am actively pursuing a degree in marketing. During my journey, I have undergone many personal and professional changes.Part One- PastWhen beginning my journey at the University of Phoenix there was a void in my life and a feeling of disappointment that I had not furthered my education. I had always

Past and Present Life

1285 words - 5 pages . Evans-Pritchard, and Nuer Journeys, Nuer Lives, by Jon D. Holtzman, the lives of pastoralists in southern Sudan are discussed. In the selection by Evans-Pritchard, we learn about a group who’s social and economic structures rely heavily on cattle. Cattle cannot be tended by a single family alone, so several families may tend and protect their cattle together. The cattle belong to the head of the household, and even among his death, the family

Japan, Past and Present

1134 words - 5 pages Japan, Past and Present When I think of Japan and its people, I think of geishas, elaborate festivals, and its age old customs. What I’ve come to learn about Japan is that it’s a combination of old tradition but very modern advances. Japan is a modern country that has moved towards democracy and is today one of the strongest economies in the world. And though history plays a major role in Japanese culture, it has truly evolved into a country

Social Darwinism, Racism, And Nazi Germany

1670 words - 7 pages It is well known that the happenings in Nazi Germany directly reflected the racist psyche of its leaders, but it is not such common knowledge to know that the philosophy of social Darwinism provided a concrete foundation for the justification of this racism. In fact, the ideological foundation of social Darwinism directly led to racism in Nazi Germany. Social Darwinism is a philosophy that originated in the latter half of the 19th century, and

Charles Darwin, Social Darwinism, and Imperialism

513 words - 2 pages , Darwin introduces the concept of "the survival of the fittest" and "natural selection". The Darwinian ideas introduced into English society justified a great number of political policies and social movements. England at the turn of the century was still a largest power in the international system. The English perceived, through the justification of Darwinism, they were fit to be the imperial hegemon in the world. The issue

Gender Inequalities, Past and Present

1720 words - 7 pages to the present day to see if things have improved or deteriorated in modern society. Before looking into the concepts of gender inequalities, we must first explore gender itself which is the division into two groups - men and women. In sociological terms, it has been pointed out by transgender activist Leslie Feinberg that: ‘gender is a key factor that shapes social behaviour and social institutions.’ and ‘gender is ‘understood

PAst present and future racism

2065 words - 8 pages in a socially desirable manner and to present a positive image of themselves and their group, will go to great lengths to avoid enacting their prejudices (van Dijk, 1987). Furthermore, as will become clear in the following paragraphs, discrimination is not always motivated by prejudice.Traditionally, social scientists generally have distinguished between two forms of racial discrimination, namely, direct and indirect racial discrimination

The Past, Present, and Future

872 words - 4 pages located somewhere in the United Kingdom. Once was a great medieval church, Wordsworth writes in this short story three messages from Tintern Abbey coming from the past, present, and the future. In Tintern Abbey, by William Wordsworth, he relates a message from the past which is remembering the youthful age in life. Life is a clock, never stopping, and always ticking. According to Wordsworth, “An appetite; a feeling and a love, that had no need of a

Multimedia: Past, Present, and Potential

1527 words - 6 pages Multimedia: Past, Present, and Potential Upon being asked for an example of what "interactive multimedia" is, what would a common response be? Video games might come to mind. Though this is a valid response and a ready example of multimedia, it is important not to limit it to solely entertainment. I have come to believe that most people pigeonhole multimedia because it encompasses such a broad spectrum that it is hard to understand otherwise

Racism: Past, Present and Future

2005 words - 8 pages Prologue While coming up with a topic for this paper, one of my questions dealt with war and cultural groups. I will be the first to admit, Racism was the last thing on my mind. The original question being, “How does war affect a Social Culture and how does it stand today?” When I started thinking about Cultures that had been so deeply affected by war, one of the first that came to mind were the Japanese in World War II. Then I recalled what

Similar Essays

Capitalism And Social Darwinism Essay

1395 words - 6 pages by the poor to pull themselves out of their situation. Ironically they propose to cut social welfare and label those receiving benefits as society’s waste, and then they defend the right of human life at any stage of life or social development. Sometimes present clergy and politicians see the damage Social Darwinism and Capitalism and call attention to it. Recently, Pope Francis called Capitalism “a new tyranny” and President Obama called

The Past, Present And Future Of Social Security

3124 words - 12 pages declined for each new group of retirees because later generations contributed to the Social Security system for the duration of their careers and were subject to higher payroll taxes. The ratio for future generations of retirees is projected to decline further. The critical factor is the ratio of current workers to retirees. Social Security was designed as a ?pay-as-you go? insurance program, with the present workforce paying for the

Facing Past And Present Essay

1012 words - 5 pages this novel to any reader. In conclusion, The Kite Runner is a superb novel about the past and present of the narrator and how is past made him who he grew up to be. Khaled Hosseini has a unique writing style in the first person point of view of Amir, which shows the rough rides he goes through, and how he is driven to please his father, which sets the theme of love of father and son, facing the past, and redemption. This novel is a true eye opener. “In the end, the world always wins. That's just the way of things” (Hosseini 99).

Genocides Past And Present Essay

1756 words - 8 pages Genocides Past and Present Genocide, a dire event, has been recurring time and time again throughout history. In the past, there was the Holocaust, where Hitler exterminated over six million Jews based on his anti-semitic views. Elie Wiesel, a Jewish author, has become a very influential man in educating the world of the true events of the Holocaust due to his involvement in the disaster. Presently, a genocide is occurring in the Darfur region