'My passion and great enjoyment for architecture, and the reason the older I get the more I enjoy it, is because I believe we - architects - can affect the quality of life of the people.' – Richard Rogers
Since the beginning of mankind, architecture was present in human’s life. Building first evolved out of the dynamics between needs (shelter, security, and worship) and means (available building materials and attendant skills). As the cultures developed, human’s knowledge developed and they considered architecture as a craft, which was later found to be a highly respectable version of craft.
Architectural works are often identified as a cultural symbol and as a work of art. Architect’s duty is to fascinate people. But what happens when all of the architectural content is exhausted? There are many difficulties. After all, those architectural works will remain hundreds or even thousands years after. Taste is never an easy topic to discuss. It is very hard to please one’s taste in beauty. As a matter of fact, architects will never be able to please everyone and it is something they will have to learn how to deal with.
I have always shared a great passion towards architecture and great admiration towards architectural works all around the world. In many ways, architecture has an effect on one’s life. Architects are there to provide their works in many aspects of living making one’s life as comfortable as possible while at the same time providing beautiful works of art, and that is what I hope to give to the others one day.
2. MAIN PART
2.1 Introduction to the Architecture of London
London is the capital and the largest city of the United Kingdom settled on the river of Thames. It has long been one of Europe’s most unique and dominant cities. Many of the architectural works in London were demolished during the Great Fire that occured in 1666 and through bombing during the World War II. Unfortunately, only few of the buildings remained after the Great Fire such as Westminster Abbey, Tower of London and Banqueting House.
The Great Fire of London by an Unknown Painter
As far as the concern of architecture, London has not been characterised by any particular architectural style. In itself, the city contains a wide variety of styles such as Roman to 21st century contemporary architecture. During the Plantagenet era with the properties of Gothic style, Westminster Abbey was built, located west to The Palace of Westminster which is also commonly known as The Houses of Parliament. Throughout the Norman base there were also castles, great houses, universities and parish churches. Medieval architectural era was completed with the 16th century Tudor style. One of the best known medieval castles is the Tower of London. The peak of the Renaissance and Baroque architectural style is Sir Christopher Wren’s masterpiece, Saint Paul’s Cathedral. English Baroque is often used in a term of architectural development between the Great Fire...