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Social Anxiety Disorder: Nature Vs Nurture

1091 words - 5 pages

While having a concert at Central Park in New York City, Barbra Streisand forgot the words to one of her songs, which caused her to not charge people for her singing for nearly 30 years in fear of forgetting the words again. Social phobia is one of the most common anxiety disorders, with a lifetime prevalence of 7%-13%. Many are affected by social phobia, or Social Anxiety Disorder. Social Anxiety Disorder is not genetically linked, the environment is what influences it.
One of the most common anxiety disorder is social phobia, which can sometimes be interchangeable with Social Anxiety Disorder (SAD). Marc de Rosnay, and others, states that Social Anxiety Disorder is characterized by a clearly noticeable fear and avoidance of most social situations where the individual may be put under scrutiny by others, and by fear in such situations, the individual will behave in an embarrassing manner (de Rosnay). One of the most notable feature of social phobia is that it has an early onset, as early as 7-9 months in most cases. The characteristics of having social phobia, or social anxiety disorder, is that the individuals are shy when meeting new people, quiet in a large group, blush easily, and often avoids making eye contact. There are a lot of concerns/problems with having social anxiety disorder. As a group, individuals with anxiety disorders had the largest burden of role disability compared to other common mental health conditions, exceeding the burden for mood disorders and in some cases, substance abuse (Grigorenko).
Another issue for individuals with social anxiety disorder is the financial burden. Financial burden includes costs for psychiatric treatment, repeated use of health care services for physical symptoms, and lost productivity at work (Grigorenko). Clarifying if there are genetic basis for these syndromes will prevent future problems to occur.
Social Anxiety Disorder is environmental. Indirect effect, or the infant’s or child’s observation of their parent’s response to the environment, plays an important role. Starting at about 10 months, infants begin to notice how their mothers are acting, such as their emotional responses to strangers, and they are likely to change their own behavior according to that response (de Rosnay). Therefore, these findings suggests that social anxiety may be transmitted from mother to infant through environmental factors. Another environmental factor that could influence the child’s probability of having social anxiety disorder is the birth mothers’ complications during pregnancy. The complications during pregnancy are a potential environmental factor that can change estimates of genetic influences (Grigorenko). Those who are exposed to parental anxiety may learn behavioral and emotional activities from parents by observing and copying their parents’ everyday actions (Knafo). A lot of the parents’ actions could influence the shaping of their children.
The parents’ treatment of the child...

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