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Personal Perception Of Organized Crime Essay

847 words - 3 pages

Criminal organizations are groups or operations run by criminals, most commonly for the purpose of generating a monetary profit (Federation of American Scientists, 1998). The Organized Crime Control Act defines organized crime as the unlawful activities of a highly organized, disciplined association (Federation of American Scientists, 1998). Some criminal organizations, such as terrorist organizations, are politically motivated. Gangs sometimes become disciplined enough to be considered organized. An organized gang or criminal set can also be referred to as a mob. The act of engaging in criminal activity as a structured group is referred to in the United States as racketeering. When I think of organized crime I picture it being compared to an army with a rank structure, ranging from as high up as Generals to as low as potential members that must prove their worth before becoming part of the group; all working together as a whole to achieve the goal of successfully overriding the laws set out before them. More specifically, there are two major names that pop out in my head: Al Capone and the Juarez Cartel.Al Capone is America's best known gangster and the single greatest symbol of the collapse of law and order in the United States during the 1920s Prohibition era (Chicago Historical Society, 1999). Capone had a leading role in the illegal activities that lent Chicago its reputation as a lawless city. Capone was born on January 17, 1899, in Brooklyn, New York. He grew up in a rough neighborhood and was a member of two "kid gangs," the Brooklyn Rippers and the Forty Thieves Juniors. He became part of the notorious Five Points gang in Manhattan and worked in gangster Frankie Yale's Brooklyn dive, the Harvard Inn, as a bouncer and bartender. While working at the Inn, Capone received his infamous facial scars and the resulting nickname "Scarface" when he insulted a patron and was attacked by her brother.The Juarez Cartel is a powerful Mexican drug trafficking cartel based in Juarez, Mexico. The cartel has most recently transformed itself into the Golden Triangle Alliance, or La Alianza Triángulo de Oro, because of its leaders in three Mexican states (Public Broadcasting Service, 2008). The border state Chihuahua which is south of Texas and Durango and Sinaloa which both share border with the southern tip of the international border state. Until 2004 the organization was headed by Juan José Esparragoza Moreno, also known as El Azul. In late 2004 control of the cartel was assumed by Ricardo Garcia Urquiza until his arrest in Mexico City during November 2005.At its height, the Juárez cartel was assumed to be responsible for some 50% of...

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