Social Policy Initiatives In Response To Combating Social Exclusion.

1616 words - 6 pages

The history of poverty and social exclusion has been a chequered one, with concepts endlessly being redefined and past ideas revisited as the pendulum swings among Right and Left ideologies and among individual and collective responsibilities. In the last two decades, the UK has witnessed the importation of the 'underclass' debate from the USA, a decrease in the application of the concept of 'poverty', and the adoption of the concept of 'social exclusion' from France, with each concept having taken on different definitions for different people depending on their particular political, moral or academic persuasions (Barry, 1999).Social exclusion has attracted growing attention in contemporary Britain. Although the concept originated in continental Europe it has now entered the government's policy process.The term 'social exclusion' probably originated in France, where it was used to concern those who slipped through the social insurance system; the socially exuded were those who were administratively excluded by the state (Lenoir 1994, Duffy 1997 cited in Burchardt et al, 1999, p.228).An individual is socially excluded if:1. He or she is geographically resident in a society;2. For reasons beyond his or her control, he or she cannot participate in the normal activities of citizens in society and;3. He or she would like to participate.Social exclusion focuses primarily on relational issues; in other words inadequate social participation, lack of social integration and lack of power. On the contrary, poverty is seen as static phenomenon, concerning people's economic situation at one point in time, while social exclusion represents a multi-dimensional perspective focussing on the process that lead to a situation of exclusion and, for that matter, poverty (Burchardt et al, 1999, p.229).Poverty and social exclusion are both concepts that concern social disadvantages of either individuals or groups of people. However, they are very divergent sets of concepts. Poverty is concerned with the lack of resources at the distribution of an individual or a household. The primary concern of poverty is lack of money. Poverty is criticized for its one-dimensionality and narrowness, as it only covers the economic factor of social disadvantage. Social exclusion provides us with a more multidimensional perspective for analysing the lives of the disadvantaged individuals and groups (Heikkinen, 1999).Despite the problems of co-ordination, it is possible to define welfare problems in six areas;1. Problems making ends meet in the household economy;2. Low management standard;3. Unemployment problems;4. Poor health5. Social isolation; and6. Exposure to violence.In the first annual report on poverty and social exclusion (Department of Social Security, 1999, p.24-6), the 'key features of poverty and social exclusion' are identified. These are as follows:* Lack of opportunities to work;* Lack of opportunities to acquire education and skills;* Childhood deprivation;* Disrupted...

Find Another Essay On Social Policy initiatives in response to Combating Social Exclusion.

Combating Detrimental Social Influences Essay

1540 words - 6 pages chooses not to make any changes or decisions.It is not uncommon for people who are naturally social to base his or her decisions and judgments on influences from other people within his or her own group. Although pressures from group members have impact on the decisions that are being made he or she does not in fact affect the fundamental judgments of the individual.A leader in an organization should always encourage other members within the

Investigating the Social Exclusion Essay

3942 words - 16 pages Publishers Ltd. Saraga, E (Ed) (1998) Embodying the Social: Constructions of Difference, London: Open University Press. Skellington, R (Ed) (2003 edition) ‘Shameful Britain has fewer MPs than Turkmenistan’, In: The Open University Press: Social Sciences Newspaper. Smith, P, J, (Ed) (2002) Policy Responses to Social Exclusion-Towards Inclusion? Berkshire: Open University Press. Walker, A, and Walker, C (Eds

Examine the Concept of 'Social Exclusion' linked to Irish Identity

1897 words - 8 pages Within this essay I am going to explore and examine the concept of social exclusion linked to Irish identity in Britain. I will be exploring the social conditions of the Irish people living in Britain because if first and second generation Irish people are taken together, the Irish form the largest ethnic group in Britain today. In fact, studies have shown that the size of the Irish-born population in Britain has remained stable overall since

The Causes of Social Exclusion

3111 words - 12 pages The Causes of Social Exclusion Social exclusion refers to inequality in society, where individuals or groups may be cut off in involvement with the wider society. Social exclusion can take a number of forms. An individual or group may be excluded due to their age cohert, gender, race, educational background, neighbourhood, class and more. A class in social terms can be defines as a large scale grouping of people

Social Policy

2676 words - 11 pages Social Policy In This essay I will look at what is new about New Labour in regard to social policy. To begin a description of social policy is provided together with a brief history of the welfare state in Britain. A strong debate exists in social policy as to whether provision is about social care or control. This debate will be explored. The three prevailing political ideologies Social Reformism, Market Liberalism

Social policy

1795 words - 7 pages Emily Sullivan Stuart Sprake Emily Sullivan Stuart Sprake Access to Nursing Cefn Hengoed Social Policy Assignment One What is Social Policy? Using examples of health and/or education evaluate whether everyone in the U.K. is provided with the same levels of welfare. The aim of this essay is to explain what social policy is, then the essay will assess the success of policies relating to health since the Beveridge

Social Policy

3544 words - 14 pages ) This is precisely because the greater the levels of poverty and oppression, the less likely the oppressed are to exacerbate their situation through further violence (Martin, 2003). Even left-leaning scholars such as Ralf Dahrendorf in Class and Class Conflict in Industrial Society have contested the central tenets of Marxist social analysis arguing that liberal democracy, through enlightened public policy, is better at the remediation of class

Social Security Policy in Brazil

998 words - 4 pages Brazilian social security benefits are only available to Brazilians and foreigners who have made contributions to the social security system. Some of the benefits that we will introduce and discuss are; maternity benefits, temporary incapacity or accident benefits, long-term sickness benefits, disability benefits, pensions benefits, imprisonment benefits, death benefits, and invalidity benefits. In many of the cases in order to receive benefits

Social Policy

1630 words - 7 pages representative and the peak of social policy progression (Olson, 2007, p. 145). Sweden provides an abundance of high quality social services, which are considered to be universal, socially democratic, and a right for all its citizens (Olson, 2007, p. 145). Kangas, Palme, Vaisanen, and Wennemo, claim that Sweden has unique distinctions within there social welfare programs in that there programs are more generous, less restrictive and more universal (as

Cultural Regeneration causing problems of social exclusion.

3478 words - 14 pages classes. Urbanisation can result in the evolution, growth, decay and renewal of major urban centres. These are contrasting aspects of urbanisation which can either cause or cure social exclusion (Mehra, 1991).Despite all the advances in urban policy initiatives in England and Wales, a lot still needs to be done to address the challenges caused by urban regeneration in many cities. A number dilapidated neighbourhoods and estates are still a common

Using a Particular Service User Group Critically Analyse the Theoretical Principles with Regard to Social Justice and Social Exclusion

1956 words - 8 pages : Education, youth justice and social inclusion. Devon: Willan Publishing. Teague, P and Wilson, R (eds) (1995) Social Exclusion, Social Inclusion. Belfast: Democratic Dialogue. Tierney, J. (1996). Criminology; Theory & context. Prentice Hall/ Harvester Wheatsheaf. Hertfordshire. Time to wake up; Tackling gangs one year after the riots. (2012). A policy paper by the Centre of Social Justice. Young, J. (2002). ‘Crime and Social exclusion’ , in M

Similar Essays

How Far Have The Police Embraced The Notion Of 'diversity' As A Response To Recent Legislation And Governmental Policy Initiatives?

2154 words - 9 pages minorities, it was also aimed secondly at gay and female organizations. The campaign became necessary because of the lack of confidence and trust in the police as outlined earlier. The British Transport Police for example have a positive action officer. This officer helps to develop minority recruitment policy and initiatives in consultation with minority groups within the service. Although not one hundred percent across the board, the police

Social Exclusion Essay

4422 words - 18 pages Social Exclusion Introduction The task at hand, is to define and discuss various types of poverty, social exclusion, oppression and social policy, whilst indicating an understanding of sociological theories and the impact of social policy on society. In completing this assignment I hope to show that I have assimilated some knowledge through reading, research, and the college sequences so far. I will breakdown the

Social Exclusion In Relation To Disability And Gender

1252 words - 5 pages Social exclusion is the exclusion of an individual from the current social system, their individual rights and privileges. This is usually a result of a person living in poverty due to circumstances he or she has no control over, or their own human error. Becoming socially excluded can also be the result of the individual belonging to a minority social group. Social exclusion refers to individuals whom are excluded from certain aspects of

The Effect Of Ayslum Policy On Social Exclusion In The Uk

3362 words - 13 pages The Effect of Ayslum Policy on Social Exclusion in the UK This essay will discuss what asylum policy is, and how it has increased levels of social exclusion in the UK, where I will use specific examples from health and housing. Though, first, one must understand the term asylum seekers which applies to someone who has applied for asylum in this country, their application has been accepted as worthy of consideration and