Mount Everest, the largest mountain in the world is considered a natural wonder of the world. This magnificent mountain is situated on the border between Tibet and Nepal at 27° 59' north latitude and 86° 55 east longitude. The exact height of Mount Everest is debated; however, the official altitude of the mountain’s highest peak is 29,029 feet. Mount Everest is part of the great Himalaya ranges and is composed of multiples of rock layers. The mountain consists of metamorphic and gneiss rocks on the lower elevations and igneous granite rocks on the top. The peak of Everest is covered by rock-hard snow which is covered by a softer layer of snow.
The climate of Mount Everest is extremely bitter and it is very difficult and risky for the adventurers to climb to the summit of the mountain. The mountain is covered by the glaciers and the temperature of the summit can drop as low as -76°C. The Jet Stream which is a constant wind force blows strongly on the mountain, making the journey of the climbers extremely difficult. Furthermore, the oxygen content in the air decreases as the altitude increases and on the peak of Everest, there is only one third of oxygen in the air. Mt Everest is considered a world’s wonder for its enormous height and size and beauty of the ranges.
History of the Mount Everest: The Himalayan mountain ranges, including the Mount Everest were thrust from the tectonic action due to the collision of Indian-Australian plate and Eurasian plate about 50 million years ago. Then, the Himalayas themselves began to rise about 25 to 30 million years ago. Nowadays, Mt Everest continues to grow 4mm a year due to geologic uplifts. In 1841, Sir George Everest, Surveyor General of India, firstly discovered the location of Mount Everest. However, Mount Everest was not recognised as the highest point on earth until its identity was stated by the governmental Survey of India in 1852. The mountain was firstly known as Peak XV and in 1865, it was renamed Mt. Everest in the honour of Sir George Everest.
The mountain is also named “Chomolungma” in Tibetan, meaning “Goddess Mother of the Universe” and “Sagarmatha” in Nepalese, meaning “Goddess of the sky”. There were several attempts to climb Mt Everest starting from the 1900s; however, most of them were unsuccessful due to the challenging conditions of the mountain. Finally, on 29th May 1953, the first ever climb to the summit of Everest was successfully made by the New Zealander, Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay, a Sherpa of Nepal.
Things to see in Mount Everest are the famous Himalaya ranges such as Mera Peak, Island Peak, Nanga Parbat, Annapurna, Kanchenjunga and Mt Everest itself. The towns and villages to explore in the Himalayan region are Phakding, Namche Bazaar, Monjo, Lukla and finally, Khumbu. Phakding is a small village located in the Himalayan region. Visitors can explore this small town and experience the Nepalese culture and interact with the locals. Namche Bazaar is the...