Social Protection: Reducing Vulnerability Of Poor Individuals

2031 words - 8 pages

Social protection initiatives are indispensable as they offer most needed assistance to exceedingly poor individuals or households. Through social protection initiatives, the poor and vulnerable are able to deal with economic and social risks such as unemployment, sickness, old age and disability. Cash transfers are examples of social protection initiatives which ensure disadvantaged groups such as the terminally ill, HIV patients, Orphans, food insecure homestead’s and people with disabilities access basic services. The main objective of social protection is to reduce vulnerability of poor individuals as they offer a source of income, which the poor use to access basic services. The poor and other vulnerable groups are susceptible to livelihood risks, and cash transfers promote their social status by reducing their social and economic vulnerability. Research by Devereux and Wheeler (2004) established that Social protection is a major contributor to poverty a key millennium development goal. Different initiatives of social protection services empower the poor and vulnerable. For the purposes of this research paper, the scope of social protection will be confined to cash and consumption transfers. Thus, the thesis statement for the research paper is; Social Protection, especially cash transfers offers the possibility of income or consumption transfers to poorer people and the vulnerable.
According to a DFID (Department for International Development) report 2011, Cash transfers emerged in the late 1990’s in the international arena, and in the developing countries mainly as a risk and vulnerability management tool. To date, programs funded by cash transfers are estimated to cover a billion people, mostly in the developing world as this is where poverty bites the most. Recipients of cash transfers have adequate resources that allow them to sustain basic levels of consumption. Cash transfers are usually given in forms of child grants, income support, disability benefits and conditional and unconditional cash transfers.
How do cash transfers fit into social protection services? Cash transfer is just one instrument among others in social protection services. Cash transfers are mainly provided by nongovernmental organizations and governments to persons and households at social risks. Cash transfers can either be conditional or unconditional. Conditional cash transfers mandate the beneficiaries to fulfil certain requirements such as nutrition, access to medical and education facilities. Conditional cash transfers could also be provided as long the beneficiary is providing labour for some work. Unconditional cash transfers can be used as the beneficiary wishes as there are no conditions attached to the transfer (Creti and Jaspars, 2006).
The poor are the most vulnerable in the society (Hulme, Hanlon, and Barrientos, 2012) because they are easily exposed to many risks. Due to their low incomes, it is impossible to save and buy...

Find Another Essay On Social Protection: Reducing Vulnerability of Poor Individuals

Assessment of Households’ Vulnerability to Food Insecurity and Determinant Factors in Developning Countries: the Case of Ethiopia.

1612 words - 7 pages times of stress, caused, e.g., by extreme climatic events? (ex-post analysis based on recall data) 3. What is the degree of households' vulnerability to food insecurity in the research area? 4. What are factors influencing households’ degree of vulnerability to food insecurity? 5. what causes a household to move in and out of food insecure conditions? 6. why are some individuals and / households not able to move out of food insecurity? 7. What are

Hazard Mitigation Essay

1895 words - 8 pages between the environment and humans, caused by a widening gap between the wealthy and poor and greater demands on natural resources, accelerates the natural process of change (Gonzalez, 2009, p. 3). Similarly, the United Nations argues disaster risk is directly related to human activities. Development choices made by individuals, communities and nations can generate new risk, yet human development, applied wisely, can reduce disaster risk (United

Mitigating Vulnerability in Individuals with Mental Health Problems to Sexual Assault

2409 words - 10 pages findings that alluded to the vulnerability of individuals with mental health problems to sexual assault, both their studies were not ones without limitations. Firstly, their collection of data was within a specific period, thus reducing the sample size and inevitably, the robustness too (Campbell et al., 2007; Creighton & Jones, 2012). Secondly, despite Campbell et al.’s efforts in conducting structured mental assessment on the patients, both

Support from Individual's Social Network

1587 words - 6 pages (K101, DVD,Video 10.1, Resources) Research has shown that a good sized social network that is able to provide significant support can also help improve an individuals health by reducing blood pressure and making them more resilient in a psychological sense. (K101, Unit 10, P 80-1) Social networks can also be formed within community based activities. As displayed within the studies of the Thornhill plus you programme. T.H.A.W.P a small

Stereotyping: The Nature of Prejudice

1596 words - 6 pages A lot of people understand and have gone through stereotyping, prejudice, and discrimination. Social Psychologists make a distinction between these by concentrating on either they include emotions, understanding, or attitudes. Racism is the influence, or reaction, visible feature of this triad. Racism includes a contradicting approach into individuals situated on their association in a specific organization. The psychological visible feature is

The Development of Depression

2183 words - 9 pages interacts with the HPA axis as it is all about how well an individual is at dealing with stress. Individuals experience stressors in different ways and the model implies that some individuals are more vulnerable than others. If an individual has low vulnerability, then it would take more stress to trigger depression in that individual. However, if an individual has high vulnerability because of factors such as social isolation, history of trauma


6459 words - 26 pages benefits of narrowly targeting social assistance are questionable" and that "targeting based on income entails high costs, stigma and fails to reach the poor".The DSWD explains that the CCT or 4Ps program "solves poverty directly in the short-term through the provision of the cash grants to the poorest of the poor in order to lift them out of their vulnerability, while simultaneously reducing long-term poverty through increased investments in human

Individuals, Society, Companies, and The Government

1157 words - 5 pages pollution they are creating, we are avoiding the problem of managers’ having to worry what is the right thing to do regarding the environment, their owners and how to reconcile the two, which is what Edward Freeman is pointing at in “Managing for Stakeholders”. Companies shouldn’t be held accountable for any kind of social responsibility other than reducing their own negative externalities. Since the only way government could ensure this is by

Developing Sub Saharan Africa

1507 words - 7 pages Some of the world’s poorest countries, with some of the highest child labor and illiteracy rates lie in Sub Saharan Africa. People generally associate the region only with poor economic conditions and all of the social disorder that goes along with 3rd World Status. While some of this reputation is deserved, many people are also failing to see the vast potential for this part of the world. There are several factors that African governments


1293 words - 5 pages , property destruction, and drug use. It's mostly diagnosed in young boys characterized by antisocial behavior and patterns of acting out at home or school. Individuals with both Conduct disorder and ATTENTION DEFICIT/HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER are at risk for continuing social and emotional difficulties into adulthood. The most severe cases of conduct disorder begins in childhood, in the presence of inconsistent rules and harsh discipline, lack of

Housing and difference in Cape Town, South Africa

2380 words - 10 pages contrary , PZ and his wife in case 2 , who are unemployed , living with two of their four children in a shack , they dependent on their social asset to take care of their children and livestock at home, but their income was too low to form a consolidation , in either rural or urban . B- The logic of domestic consolidation patterns in relation to vulnerability context Analyzing vulnerability involves identifying not only the threats to individuals and

Similar Essays

Durkheim's Study Of Suicide Rates And The Social Facts That Affect Societies And Individuals Within Those Societies

2171 words - 9 pages rates of suicide. Durkheim concluded that these social factors corresponded to two social conditions, namely, the level of cohesion within the society and the level of moral norms with which to orient oneself. Durkheim understood the level of social cohesion as being related to the extent to which individuals experience a sense of belonging to the collective society, as well as interpersonal ties within that society. The level of moral norms set

Crime Is The Result Of Individuals Making Choices To Commit Crime; It Is Not The Result Of Their Social Circumstances. Discuss This Statement.

1473 words - 6 pages PAGE 1 of NUMPAGES 8 Crime is the result of individuals making choices to commit crime; it is not the result of their social circumstances. Discuss this statement.Most research shows that it is environmental influences that cause individuals to commit crime rather than an individual making the choice to commit crime. The main contributors that influence individuals to commit crime include social class, incorporating such issues as the area an

The Negative Effect Of Social Media On Individuals

1444 words - 6 pages Most people believe that social messaging is more of a benefit than a consequence, but using social media can actually be harmful. Social media is something most kids, teens, and even some adults are using all the time. It has become a part of our generation’s lives. Having people on their phones all day long is not only disappointing, but also damaging. Instead of talking to someone face-to-face and hanging out, people prefer just texting or

The Lexical Priority Of Rights: Basic Capabilities Vs. Poverty Eradication

1211 words - 5 pages vulnerability of impoverished women, and that the protection of social and economic rights will break the gendered cycle of poverty. This paper will argue that the provision of basic capabilities and individual rights ought to trump social and economic rights in order to combat the fundamental problems of gender inequality. Through the examination of the Capabilities Approach and Okin’s critique of it, this paper will show that basic individual rights