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Personal Reasonability Act Essay

2641 words - 11 pages

In 1993, Bill Clinton became the President of the United States (Besharov & Fowler, 1993). Throughout President Clinton’s campaign he promised to “end welfare as we know it” (Besharov & Fowler, 1993). During his campaign he repeatedly said that welfare benefits should be time-limited and that after two years of job training and education, welfare recipients who could work should be required to do so (Besharov & Fowler, 1993). President Clinton promised to provide people with education, training, jobs placement assistance’s and child care for two years. His goals were to end welfare as a way of life and make it a path to independence and dignity (Besharov & Fowler, 1993). President Clinton also planned to change the Family Support Act to make it stronger (Besharov & Fowler, 1993). The Family Support Act did not force participants to work; it simply required a short period of time in job training or other activities. President Clinton wanted recipients to receive a full two years of training and education (Besharov & Fowler, 1993). At the end of the two years, Clinton would require recipients to work or leave the welfare program, whereas the welfare program that was in place allowed recipients to receive benefits indefinitely (Besharov & Fowler, 1993). On August 22, 1996, President Bill Clinton signed the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act which is referred to as (PRWORA) (Linkletter, 1996). President Clinton believed that signing the act would help Americans overcome the flaws of the welfare system and help the people who are trapped on welfare become independent (Linkletter, 1996). PRWORA had many goals and objectives that would be introduced to the American society (Linkletter, 1996). PRWORA was a welfare reform plan that dramatically changed the nation’s welfare system into one that required work in exchange for time-limited assistances (The Personal). PRWORA changed both substances and administration of the national welfare system. The act eliminated prior welfare system which had been attacked for decades by policy makers, the press and the public for increasing government spending while making the poor dependent on government charity (Gilman, 1996). PRWORA eliminated the Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) and replaced it with block grants giving States the fundamental role in assisting needy families (A Comparison). The Act created the Temporary Assistances for Needy Families (TANF) that blocked grants for AFDC Emergency Assistances (EA) and JOBS (A Comparison). The law also introduced the Child Support Enforcement Program, benefits for legal immigrants, Food Stamp Program and Supplemental Security Income (SSI) for Children (Gilman, 1996). The objectives of PRWORA was to reduce welfare dependency, decreased the amount of out of wed-lock births and to encourage the formation of two-parent families (Gilman, 1996).With these objectives the goals of PRWORA it required...

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