Personality is described as the dynamic organization within a person of those psychological systems that decide his or her unique adjustments to his environment. In short, personality is the combined ways in which an individual reacts and interacts with other people (Robbins, Judge, & Vohra, 2012). Personality seems to be a combination of both heredity and environment. In addition, personality seems to be organized into patterns that are to some extent observable and measurable (Gibson, Ivancevich, Donnelly & Konopaske, 2009).
According to Northouse (2010) researchers have found a strong correlation between the traits described by the five-factor personality model and leadership. Extraversion was the trait most strongly associated with leadership, followed by conscientiousness, openness, emotional stability, and agreeableness.
According to Vecchio (2008) there is both healthy narcissism and destructive narcissism. Healthy narcissism provides self-confidence and self-esteem that is needed to tolerate frustration and stress. It also allows one to stand up for his beliefs and uphold his commitment to values. In addition, solid self-esteem and healthy narcissism is essential in helping us to connect with others in a healthy manner i.e., empathize with others, form true friendships and relationships, as well as inspire confidence in others. Therefore, healthy narcissism or self-esteem is extremely important to a leader’s success (Vecchio, 2008). Conversely, destructive narcissism (DN) is due weak or lack of self-esteem, which the individual attempts to hide. Thus, DN individuals tend to lessen the value of others, envy others, and create a grandiose self- image (Vecchio, 2008).
Surprisingly, a substantial number of managers have a degree of destructive narcissism in their personalities. The most compelling reason for this is that certain personality traits common but not solely found in DN help people to rise within organizations. Some of the traits that can mislead others into believing that the DN is competent and stable include high levels or expressed confidence, zeal, and an unyielding drive to attain prestige and power (Vecchio, 2008). Additionally, DN people are usually good political navigators who are able to charm...