Personality Assessments Essay

983 words - 4 pages

AbstractIn this paper I will discuss the background of personality tests and the circumstances under which two specific personality assessments (the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator and The Intelligent Quotient exams) are used and the reliability and validity of such tests. I will talk about the factors that users should consider when taking these two tests and my opinion on the usefulness of these tests.What kind of personality do I as a human have? Why do I act the way I do? There are many tests and assessments that a person can use to evaluate the type of personality they possess. Such exams and assessments test one's character, traits and personality dimensions. It is important to understand these types of assessments and tests are used to calculate personality indirectly.The Web site Wilderdom has a few facts about personalities. Thousands of years ago, the Ancient Greek philosophers such as Hippocrates (400 B.C.) and Galen (140/150 A.D.) classified 4 types of "humors" in people. Each type was believed to be due to an excess of one of four bodily fluids, corresponding to their character. The personalities were termed "humors". (Winderdom, 2005)CharacterHumorFluidCorresponding Trait in the Big 5IrritableCholericyellow bileAgreeablenessDepressedMelancholicblack bileNeuroticismOptimistic SanguinebloodOpenness to experienceCalmPhlegmaticphlegmNeuroticismMore recent developments such as the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) and Intelligence Quotients have been introduced and become widely used, not only for personal uses, but also for uses in the workplace and in training. These provide information to better understand personality types and how individuals interact with others.Many personality tests are intended to depict different aspects of a person's makeup. There are hundreds of these tests out there that consist of numbers of items that an individual responds to and rates applicably according to how they specify their character. There has been a considerable amount of study and thinking that has gone into this subject.As mentioned, the sheer number of personality assessments is in the hundreds. One such test, the Myers-Briggs assessment, is a personality test that is a great tool for individuals to help gain a greater understanding and reasoning behind their emotions, work styles, behaviors and reactions. This kind of productivity instrument helps people to recognize their strengths and to value those they associate with.The basis of the Myers-Briggs test is that it focuses on 16 different personality types. These 16 types are then comprised of four different characteristics.The different combinations explain and validate reasons for why people act and think the way they do. The 16 different types are comprised of one of the following from eachcolumn:•Extraverted/Introverted•Sensing/Intuitive•Thinking/Feeling•Judging/PerceivingEach combination lends itself to a specific set ofcharacteristics that are exhibited in how a...

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