Personality disorders are a group of mental conditions that are characterized by maladaptive patterns of behavior. An individual with a personality disorder will have an unhealthy and rigid pattern of functioning, thinking, and behaving. In addition, he/she has a difficulty perceiving and relating to people and situations. Because of all these, these individuals encounter problems and limitations in dealing with personal issues, relationships, school and even work. Personality disorders are prevalent in teenage years all the way through early adulthood.
The etiology of personality disorders remains unknown, nonetheless, childhood experiences and genes are said to play a role in causing these mental illnesses. This is from a traditional belief point of view whereby, it is believed that, personality disorders stem from a dysfunctional early environment whereby one is prevented from evolving the adaptive patterns of response, perception, and defense. There are a number of factors that are linked to personality disorders in childhood, for instance sexual abuse, emotional abuse, negligence, physical abuse, and when a child is bullied. In addition, there are emotional/behavioral factors that are also linked to personality disorders which are; bullying others, truanting, prolonged periods of misery, being suspended or expelled from school, and deliberate self harm. All the se factors are linked to personality disorders however; there is an evidence based link between genetic factors and personality disorders that is growing over time (Reichborn-Kjennerud 2010).
Personality disorders are conditions whereby an individual differs significantly from an average person. This is in terms of how they perceive, feel, think, or relate to others. Personality disorders are grouped in three clusters, basing on symptoms and attributes. Many patients with personality disorders are at an increased threat to many psychiatric disorders. A number of types of mental disorders are more specific to a certain personality disorder. In addition, patients with personality disorders are at risk for mood disorders.
Managing patients with personality disorders is one of the most challenging areas in psychiatry. These patients have multiple and diverse needs and they need special care. Even though there are many difficulties in managing patients with personality disorders, it is easy to mange their problems, if the patients are well assessed. In addition, if the patients’ individual needs are well identified, it is easy to manage them. Patients with personally disorders are manageable if they have been diagnosed by a specialist and special care prescribed (Reichborn-Kjennerud 2010). At times, these patients are aggressive, and they need special care from a specialist. Antisocial personality disorder is a well known condition that affects teens through adulthood. It is one of the most common of the types of personality disorders.
Antisocial personality disorder, also known as...