Running head: PERSONALITY
PersonalityEach person is individually unique, we all have our own ways of thinking, acting, and feeling, and this is what defines our personalities. Of the multiple theories on personality, they can be combined into four perspectives. Comparing the three theories, we can understand some similarities and differences of personality development. Trying to figure out what personality a person may have, two types of tests can be used to measure and evaluate an individual's personality. Although there are some benefits to that come with personality assessments, some considerations must be accounted for.Four perspectives of personality consist of psychoanalytic, humanistic, social cognitive, and trait personalities. Psychoanalytical personality is a theory created by Sigmund Freud, who considered that peoples personality is formed by experiences from their childhood and their unconscious processes, or desires, are what influence behaviors as adults. Freud also contended that behavior was motivated by sexual urges while many of his followers known as neo-Freudians disregarded this belief and asserted that personalities can be shaped by personal experiences throughout their life.Humanistic perspective of personality is considered to be the "Third Force" in psychology which stresses that potential of humans and unique human characteristics as self-awareness and free will. This theory is more of an optimistic view where the two major contributors, Carl Rogers and Abraham Maslow, believed that people desire the need to grow psychologically (Hockenbury, 2014).Social cognitive theory suggests that many of our behaviors are learned by observation and imitation of others. Although, imitation does not have to take place, a learning process can occur which is known as observational learning. This is where an activity may have been observed where the outcome was negative, and we can comprehend that we would rather not participate.The trait perspective on personality is a dissimilarity to the previous perspectives of personality. As the other theories focus on similarities between people, trait theory is fundamentally focused on illustrating individual differences. Traits can be used to describe individual characteristics, and they can also range from one extreme to a complete opposite.Sigmund Freud's psychoanalytic theory describes that personalities were formed from age related sexual urges that were focused on different areas of the body, and were exhibited through conscious, unconscious, and preconscious levels of awareness. While the humanistic theory was based more on the free will of people and their desire, and ability to change as they grow. Social cognitive theory is based more along the lines that people observe and imitate actions of others, however, not everything must be imitated as people can learn to not do things from others consequences.Assessing personalities can be done...