Personality Types Essay

902 words - 4 pages

Learning personality types could be one of the best tools for self-improvement and relationship enhancement. By identifying the personality type, we may be able to extend our strength sides and enhance our weakness sides. Further more, assuming the personality type of your component in a relationship, could help a lot to tighten the relationship by eliminating the disagreement situations and concentrating more on the common shared behaviors. These seem to be the main objectives that have led several psychological specialist researchers to conduct many observation analytic experiments and studies during most of the 19th century and up to the present times. Other medical specialist researchers tried to use some personality types classifications as health indicators. Applying and assuming the personality type concepts on some close by relatives and friends should not be difficult, but would it be much helpful or acceptable.

There are several theories of personality type classifications based on different basis. The oldest was developed by the Greek Ancients (Hippocrates 400 BC and Galen 140 AC) that classified four types of people moods based on the excess of one of four bodily fluids (Neill, 2005). Another theory, which was developed by William Sheldon (1940), classifies people based on their physical shapes (Neill, 2005). The well-known theory by Carl Jung (1940), Katharine C. Briggs and her daughter Isabel Briggs Myers (1980) is probably the most used personality type classification (BSM, 2006). This theory is based on individual preferences on four pairs of opposite basic psychological human functions. The first pair is how we prefer to get motivated, internally (Introverted) or externally (Extroverted) (BSM, 2006). The second pair is how we prefer to take in information, trusting our five senses (Sensing) or relying on instincts (Intuitive). The third pair is how we prefer to make our decisions, based on logic and objective considerations (Thinking) or based on personal and subjective values (Feeling). The forth pair is how we prefer to deal with the surrounding world, with organized, scheduled and structured environment (Judging) or with casual and flexible environment (Perceiving). Jung, Briggs and Myers believed that we all use these functions in our lives, but each individual uses different combination of these functions with “a varying amount of success and frequency” (BSM, 2006). The function that someone uses most frequently is his "dominant" function. The dominant function is “supported by an auxiliary (2nd) function, tertiary (3rd) function, and inferior (4th) function” (BSM, 2006). The possible combination of these basic preferences form 16 different personality types. There are many practical application of the personality types theory. For instance, it...

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