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Personalized Medicine Model Essay

823 words - 3 pages

If all human beings are individuals with a distinctive genetic signature who are exposed to different environmental influences, the personalized medical model will allow healthcare professionals to customize medical treatments and improve their positive outcomes on the population. However, the personalized approach is a complex model which will require further investments in multidisciplinary studies that will investigate the complex interactions between several factors. Furthermore, there are several possible drawbacks, such as lack of genetic understanding among the population or the potential risk of genetic discrimination development, which could implicate the advantages of scientific development towards a personalized medical model. Despite the existing and potential limitations of the personalized medical model, the personalized medical model has the potential to improve treatment outcomes and the population’s health status if society can utilize its advantages and overcome the obstacles.
Current advances in genetics allow a greater understanding of diseases at the molecular level. Healthcare professionals will understand the genetic signatures of tumors and diagnostic tests for all chronic condition will become more accurate (Hamburg & Collins, 2010). The investigation of common diseases at the molecular level will allow scientists to establish different subtypes and create more therapeutic possibilities, so the public will benefit from greater chances of health recovery (Hamburg & Collins, 2010). Understanding disorders at the molecular level will allow healthcare professionals to identify and focus on the causes of disorders immediately rather than studying symptoms and relying on clinical judgment. A personalized approach will enable more accurate and evidence-based treatments, so the quality of care will definitely increase.
Improvement of treatment choices is the main goal of personalized medicine, and it is the greatest benefit of the personalized approach. Current clinical research requires testing treatment outcomes on a larger sample, and only treatments that prove successful on a representative sample allows healthcare professionals to generalize conclusions about treatment outcomes across the entire population. Even with a high probability of positive treatment outcomes, a statistical analysis of treatment effectiveness is never 100 percent accurate. Although the current level of genetic research and ability to understand the interactions does not allow 100 percent accuracy in the personalized model, further research could potentially allow a greater accuracy in treatment choices. Healthcare professionals understand that responses to treatments can vary significantly, and that the current healthcare model frequently overlooks important factors, such as social factors, that influence health significantly (Garber & Tunis, 2009). A personalized model will take more factors in consideration,...

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