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Perspectives Of Learning And Teaching In Piaget's And Vygotsky's Theories

1769 words - 7 pages

The Venn diagram is comparing the similarities and differences of two theories Piaget’s and Vygotsky Theories on Cognitive development. Piaget’s difference to Vygotsky is children collaborating with peers of the classroom, having stages of development that impact child development over birth to adulthood and how inherited characteristics of being a confident or quiet child. Vygotsky Theory is about Zone of Proximal development, scaffolding of adults helping children in understanding and gaining knowledge and sociocultural development (Duchesne, McMaugh, Bochner & Krause (2013). Both theories have similarities of children having order in developing and how they act, think at certain ages of life. Social interactions through both see children need to either interact with adults or class peers and thought with language even though the theories have different opinion both see thought and language as child development in either thought before language or language before thought. There both show that language and though for children are important to children cognitive development.

Perspectives of teaching and learning have many effects on what children are to learn (McDevitt & Ormrod, 2010). Two theories Piaget’s and Vygotsky theories of cognitive development are going to show perspectives of teaching though the benefits, limitations and implications to the theory of perspectives in teaching and learning. Both Vygotsky and Piaget show perspectives of teaching and learning in different methods to children’s development throughout this essay. Piaget is about children building blocks, having action sequences and children learning independently but will effective teaching and learning help children gain knowledge. Vygotsky is about no one single principle of child development and that learning from adults can help children gain knowledge, which can affect long-term effects with children improving more quickly but will children just find getting no help is better than asking and can cause more problem then needed (Dukin, 1992 [cited in] Waring, 2012)]. To be an effective teacher; teachers need to explore and gain insight into children’s cognitive development within Piaget’s and Vygotsky theories of perspectives of learning and teaching.

Piaget’s theory is building blocks for children in the future. Piaget sees teaching and learning as an action sequence and building block to learn. Children have a “set of linked mental representation of the world” (McLeod, 2012) where children relate to a specific thought or image and convey it back to what there saw in that image or thought. Children always though need reinforcement from an adult to help with them connect the thought. Example is a child beginning to understanding what a cat is from a Show on T.V. The child then understands that cat has four legs, licks and friendly. For teaching and learning teachers can take this approach to children in relating back what there have learnt and adding on from that...

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