Peru Independence Essay

948 words - 4 pages

After the Spaniards arrived Peru; all they had focused on was the riches found in Peru. Thus, to protect themselves and their riches a war assembled on the Christians by Atahualpa troops failed, Atahualpa was captured and later executed; the Spaniards had successfully obtained the riches from Peru thus Peru had been colonized in 1533.
Peru had achieved independence from Spain through the influence of held beliefs and concepts from foreign regions, as well as minor political events, and lastly with the guidance of revolutionary leaders, Jose de San Martin and Simon Bolivar. In 1780, Peruvians came to hold a strong belief in the concept of liberalism as the enlightenment made its way around ...view middle of the document...

Thus, in 1820 San Martin had launched an invasion in Peru with the help of his 4,500 soldiers he had recruited to exterminate Spanish power. However, his attempt was a failure since Spanish viceroy Joaquin de la Pezuela was in command of a much larger army in Lima. As the Spanish government came to hear of this invasion they granted few civil rights to Spanish inhabitants living in the colonies in 1820. Therefore, this weakened the “patriot argument for independence”, which is exactly what the Spanish government hoped for. In the following year on July 28, 1821 San Martin had declared Peruvian independence. However, his support was weakened as though many creole leaders were “slow to step forward and take responsibility”. Therefore, Martin had petitioned for help from the liberator Simon Bolivar. Bolivar offered to send a few troops, through which San Martin realized “that Peru was not big enough for both liberators and sensing the waning of his political influence, as yet another outsider ruling the country, decided to step down as a protector.” In September 1822, Martin resigned and headed back to Europe. However, before Martin left he had a new inaugurated congress who had drawn up the first republican constitution in 1823, making Jose de la Riva Aguero the nation's first president.
Aguero had launched new military campaigns against the viceregal army in the highlands which resulted in their defeat, causing the viceregal army to regain control of Lima and Callao. Thus, the congress deposed Aguero and declared Torre Tagle as president. Despite this, the congress also decided to seek the help of Bolivar once again. However, Aguero refused to step down from power and moved his government to Trujillo where he had negotiated with the royalist. This only worsen the conflict as though when “Bolivar landed in Callao on September...

Find Another Essay On Peru Independence

Peru Economic Analysis

2851 words - 11 pages Peruvians accurately describe the economic history of Peru. Peruvian history has been a chaotic tale of a country trying to overcome Spanish rule, revolts for independence, succession of rulers, liberal reforms, military rule, returns to democracy, and periods of extreme inflation and economic hardship. (2) One of the major economic problems that Peruvians have faced throughout their economic history has been foreign ownership of their natural

Latin America’s Struggles After Independence Essay

1001 words - 5 pages independence. Hardest hit were…Peruvians silver mines. Their shafts flooded, there costly machinery wrecked.” 120(Chasteen ). This made Peru suffer greatly because this was one of their main trades. In Mexico, one of their largest economic struggles was the lack of transportation infrastructure, meaning that Mexico did not have railroads. Mexico also lacked navigable rivers which made it much harder to be able to transport agricultural products

The Invisible Revolution in the Third World

1864 words - 8 pages colonial capitals and the chief Spanish stronghold in the Americas (along with Mexico City). Since then, Pizarro maintains his rule over Peru until Jose de San Martin of Argentina and Simon Bolivar of Venezuela led Peru's independence struggle. By 1879, San Martin proclaimed Peruvian independence fully and finally, which made Peru people liberated from Spaniards forever. After the independence Peru likely to get in to foreign issues with Chile and

Latin American Independence

505 words - 2 pages independence. Bolivar was a wealthy Creole born in Venezuela but educated in Spain. Influenced by Enlightenment ideas, Bolivar called for independence for all South Americans. He gained firm control of his native Venezuela in 1819. His armies then turned toward Columbia and Ecuador. In the south Jose de San Martin rallied Argentinean forces against Spain. Bolivar and San Martin met in Peru, which became independent along with Upper Peru (Bolivia) in

Chile

1050 words - 4 pages . The Indians refused to stay quiet. Until the mid 1700"s, these wars against the Indians were payed for by Peru, which provided money to CHILE to maintain CHILE"S government in Santiago and an army on the frontier. CHILE was poor and dependent on its richer neighbor for wealth and security. III. INDEPENDENCE One of the most important reasons for CHILE"S independence as well as other Latin American countries, was the

Chile

865 words - 3 pages 1700's, these wars against the Indians were payed for by Peru, which provided money to CHILE to maintain CHILE'S government in Santiago and an army on the frontier. CHILE was poor and dependent on its richer neighbor for wealth and security.III. INDEPENDENCEOne of the most important reasons for CHILE'S independence as well as other Latin American countries, was the emergence of a class of CRIOLLOS (Creoles). Creoles were American born Spaniards

Independence In Latin America

683 words - 3 pages Mestizos, revolted against Spain in Peru. Many of these Indians remembered how the Spanish conquered them over 300 years ago. It didn't last much because their leader Tupac Amaru was executed, but the slaves saw independence as a way of freedom. These groups were not the only cause of the Independence. Another cause that led to the independence of Latin America, was the French Revolution. With these enlightenment ideas, the people of Latin America were

The Independence of Spainish Colonies in America

1150 words - 5 pages led to a fall in Spain’s income. Therefore it can be stated that the Americas made a move towards independence as inter-colonial trade increased and started to replace the trade with Spain. There are many examples of the growth of inter-colonial trade, for example Mexican silver was exchanged for Venezuelan cacao, and Chilean wheat and wine went to Peru and with hides from Rio de la Plata and Venezuela going to Mexico and Peru. The question

Bolivia

558 words - 2 pages Civilization in the Bolivian Andes is thought to stretch back some 21,000 years. The most influential Pre-Columbian cultures were the Tiahuanaco, who were based around Lake Titicaca and who ruled the region between 600-1200 AD, and the Incas, who headed a vast empire comprising most of Peru, Bolivia, Ecuador and northern Chile.The Spanish conquest of the country began in 1531 under Francisco Pizarro. The conquistadors made rapid progress

South American Interaction

797 words - 4 pages the land was because of the silver mines in Peru, Colombia, and Bolivia. The Portuguese neglected their Brazilian region, so other Europeans, mostly the Dutch, took this opportunity to establish their own colonies in that region. The natives of South America slowly won their independence through rebellion and the need of freedom. In the late 19th and 20th centuries, there was a strong economic expansion that led to the development of steamships and refrigeration. Works Cited http://www.timemaps.com/history/south-america-3500bc

The Relationship of Terrorism and Drugs

962 words - 4 pages The Relationship of Terrorism and Drugs Terrorism has many and varied links to the drug trade. Terrorists may use drugs for funding of their cause; may include drugs as part of their cause, as in Peru; or terrorism may be the result of the drug trade, as it is in Columbia's Extraditables and Italy's mafia. With the many linkages between the two crimes it seems that to crackdown on one you must crackdown on the other. The ties between the

Similar Essays

The Fight For Peruvian Independence Essay

598 words - 3 pages A very important event in Peruvian history is how Peru gained its independence from Spain. It all started with an uprising of Spanish-American landowners and their forces were led by Jose de San Martin of Argentina and Simon Bolivar of Venezuela. Because Peru was the stronghold of the Spanish government in South America, Argentine patriot, General San Martin’s strategy to liberate Peru was to use diplomacy. He sent representatives to Lima urging

Global Ethics And Social Responsibility Essay

1048 words - 4 pages Background From time, Peru had been ruled by several prominent civilizations which had made changes to its agriculture, infrastructure, and central controlled government. Peru was ruled by the Incas from the 12th to 16th century. Peru then after achieving independence from Spain in 1821, was later categorized by political instability by the tyrant government. Juan Velasco a Peruvian General who ruled Peru from 1968-1980, under nationalistic

Peru Investment Essay

2703 words - 11 pages these resources; the country would also benefit from the creation of multi-sector job growth that would help stimulate the local economy, as many Peruvians remain in poverty. Peru Peru proclaimed its independence from Spain on July 28, 1871. Independence was not actually claimed until December 1824. Though they had won their independence, they were still in disputes with Chile and Ecuador about the perimeter of their countries, which ended

Venezuelan Independence Essay

633 words - 3 pages decisively to the independence of current Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and Venezuela. The Spaniards forced Bolivar to retreat from Venezuela to New Grad Colombia, also at war with Spain. He took of a Colombian force and captured Bogota in 1814. Bolivar marched into Grand Colombia in 1816. He defeated the Spaniards in Boyar in 1918, liberating the territory of Colombia. He was also the first president of Bolivia. He also was awarded the honorary