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Peter The Great Essay

1808 words - 8 pages

Peter the Great did many things in his lifetime, but he was most known for the Westernization of Russia. Peter made his way into Russia in 1682, Peter wanted to change Russia into a more modernized country, and he had his own way of doing this. It was Peter’s way, or no way. He figured the best way to obtain the European powers was to become just like them. When he started his process to westernize Russia he sent fifty nobles to Western Europe and had them learn the culture and lifestyle. There were many ways peter could have gone about changing Russia but he sought his own way, which was also a very independent route. Peter not only wanted to change Russia, but he wanted total control as ...view middle of the document...

Through the Russian Orthodox Church, Peter was able to gain control. Peter threw out all religious positions and created the Holy Synod who was in charge of all decisions. There were also many cultural differences between Western Europe and Russia. Russia was a Christian Orthodox community and Western Europe was almost all catholic, Asia was a combination of Muslim, Confucian, Hindu, and Buddhist and so on. With all the money Peter had he decided to put some of it to use by sending select Russians to Western schools having hopes they would come back with knowledge to help convert Russia. Peters education took a big part in his Westernization process as well.
Peter wanted more state run education and started to have everything under his supervision. He wanted everyone under supervision for a number of reasons, trying to change an entire community is hard enough as it is, and without Peter's supervision things would fall apart. For people so used to their simple lifestyles this was a huge jump. He created a cabinet and senate to oversee his empire. To make sure Peter had a qualified team to run his empire he opened 2 schools: The School of Navigation Sciences in Moscow and The Naval Academy in St. Petersburg. All of these changes were allowing Peter to gain more money. It is important to remember that all of Peter's reforms required revenue to fund. Not only were the changes in the churches occurring, but it was also affecting the way people dressed and the culture in Russia. Peter ordered that all the military and government officials get the education they needed at no charge through technical schools. He thought that the education was essential to the modernization of Russia. Occurring simultaneously with his reforms, the old Russian calendar was eliminated and the alphabet was changed as well. Imagine the difficulties associated with communication and long-range planning without having a functional calendar that matches the rest of the civilized world. To educate the Russian Public, in 1703 Peter created the Sankt-Peterburgskie Vedomosti, a newspaper issued by the state. The newspaper was created to educate the public about what was going on around them. Seems trite and simple, but in 1703 Russia there was no such thing as mass communication. Peter saw it essential that not only the military leaders were educated but also the public who was so loyal to him. Many young men were pushed to go to Europe just as Peter had done and learn the way of the Europeans. This made for smarter youth and a more westernized Russia. The young adults would learn about the new technologies and the economy, that way when they came back they were already well educated and ready to do great things as Peter did.
Another huge factor in the westernization of Russia were all of the changes that went on in the military under Peter the Greats rule. Peter even changed his title from Tsar to Emperor for a more powerful sounding name. It was essential for Peter to...

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