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Peter The Great Reformer Essay

953 words - 4 pages

Peter the Great was the czar of Russia between 1682 and 1725. He began to influence Russia’s development almost immediately after becoming czar and transformed Russia from an isolated agricultural society into an Empire on a par with European powers. Under his reign, existed a period of significant reforms, because of their major effects, which were constructive, useful and beneficial to his country. Peter’s reforms, especially, in the area of education, revealed his actions as pertaining to the characteristics of a reformer. The modernization of Russia was mostly based on Europeanization, which brought elements from Europe into Russia. After being defeated by both Sweden and the ...view middle of the document...

Therefore, Peter the Great is a reformer, who used his power to bring about positive change to Russia.

During Peter’s early life, he, even at a young age, was intrigued with learning and observing. Peter was allowed to play with whomever he desired, so he played games like soldier with boys from his village. He ended up creating his own regiments and even designed their uniforms. As a boy, he would secretly enter a settlement not far from his hometown, where foreigners from Europe lived. There, he observed Western culture and even learned mathematics, like geometry and geography, at this settlement. Peter grew up in Russia that was quite traditional, and mostly, isolated from the outside world. This closed and traditional society is seen through the isolated settlements that Peter observed, as well as the old fashioned clothes which they still wore. Peter, however, was interested in life of outside places, such as Western Europe. His family, the Naryshkins, took near complete control of the government due to the Miloslavskys’ failed militaristic campaigns. Peter and his half-brother, Ivan, become co-rulers of Russia and when Ivan died, Peter became sole ruler.

Early in his reign, Peter traveled across northern Europe to bring back new skills that Russia needed to prosper. He visited places like workshops, and factories, and gained experience and wisdom of clock-making, copper engraving, and dentistry. Peter returned with lots of weapons, scientific instruments and tools. He also brought back many military and technical experts, who taught their skills to Russians. He also came back with German, as well as other European, artists to teach the Russians art. During this time, Russia experienced an increase in the amount of artists and sculptors. Peter’s want to reform Russia reached even aspects of everyday life, like art.

Peter the Great was unsatisfied with the...

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