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Peter The Great This Essay Is About What Changes Peter The Great Made During His Reign In Russian... Other Than That If U Have Any Questions Ask Me

2104 words - 8 pages

From 1682 to his death in 1725 Peter I, or Peter the Great, ruled over Russia as Tsar. Peter was different from most Tsars in his beliefs and way of life. He enjoyed the west and many of the things that came from there. He liked all types of technology, and liked to learn about everything around him, from the human body to warfare. He felt that Russian must modernize and westernize. He also thought that it was necessary for them to adopt the culture and technology that Europe used. Some of this technology was used in warfare, which was one of Peter's interests. Yet, historians still wonder, did he deserve the title 'Great'?Peter was a very physically powerful person; he was about seven feet tall. Yet even if he was 4 feet tall he could still have demanded respect. He was a very smart person, and at the same time he was ill-mannered, and impolite.He hated everything about Moscow, especially the Kremlin. He hated the ornate and overly beautiful ceremonies and all illogical traditions, of Moscow. He was a true man's man. He enjoyed eating, smoking, drinking, making love, and having a good time.Peter's army, first known as the Streltsi, was a group of considerably good fighters. Yet they were not good enough. The Streltsi had revolted three times and after the third time, in 1698, Peter had the leaders put to death and the rest banished to Astrakhan. He had to build up a new army and make it better than before. He brought in foreign officers to train the army in modern tactics. Peter asked for all free men to join the army. He also asked that towns and landowners send men for the army. After the men were trained, he replaced the foreign officers with the sons of landowners in Russia. All of these men were drafted for life.The most important and biggest battle for his army was the Battle of Poltava, on June 27, 1709. In this battle Peter's army defeated Charles XII of Sweden's army. This was a key victory for Peter's army because this proved that it was ranked among the best in Europe.Russia's Navy did not exist before Peter's reign. He needed to build a modern fleet. He used help from foreign countries to create his navy. As with the army, he utilized foreign officers to help to train his men. Also he had an Englishman to come to Russia to teach navigation and other important skills for the navy.The most important battle for the navy was the Battle of Cape Hangö, in 1713. Once again one of Peter's military forces fought the Swedes. The Swedish Admiral surrendered to Peter. This victory confirmed that the Russian navy was the best in all of northern Europe. Russia had become a powerhouse of military strength. Even Great Britain was frightened by Russia's awesome power.Peter needed a strong industrial force within his country; otherwise his army and navy would not have proper supplies. At first he tried to entice wealthy, noble families to start up some form of industry. He said that anyone starting up any industry could pay no taxes for a short...

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