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Animals Are Good Metaphors In Essay

1577 words - 6 pages

Because we consider ourselves to be better or higher life forms than animals(especially pigs) showing them to be the same as or better than us is a good satirical tool for exposing human folly or for showing human behavior to be animalistic. In animal farm George Orwell uses animals to represent specific people and also uses the tribulations of the animal society as a metaphor for the Russian revolution. Animals that are considered noble (such as horses) can also be used to proved lessons on how humans should behave. In Gulliver's Travels Jonathan Swift does the opposite, using a society of horses as a metaphor for idyllic morals, values, and as a lesson on how we, as people, should live our lives. A number of the characters from the book Animal Farm by George Orwell represent actual historical figures from the time of the Russian revolution or represent the behaviors of various types or classes of people during this event. Orwell's book shows that animals in literature successfully represent people and therefore function as good metaphors. Mr. Jones symbolizes (in addition to the evils of capitalism) Czar Nicholas II, the leader of Russia before Stalin (Napoleon). Jones represents the old government, the last of the Czars. Orwell writes that "On a Midsummer's eve, which was Saturday, Mr. Jones went into Willingdon and got so drunk at the Red Lion that he did not come back till midday on Sunday. The men had milked the cows in the early morning and then gone out rabbitting, without bothering to feed the animals. When Mr. Jones got back he immediately went to sleep"(Orwell 17), within this quote Orwell shows how Jones runs the farm solely for profit without consideration for the animals condition. Czar Nicholas II treated the people within his country the same way Jones treated his animals, the Czar like Jones did not care for his people(in Jones' case animals) and only used them in order to improver as for himself. Old Major is the first major character described by Orwell in Animal Farm. This "purebred" of pigs is the kind, grand fatherly philosopher of change- an obvious metaphor for Karl Marx. Old Major says "And remember comrades, your resolution must never falter. No argument must lead you astray. Never listen when they tell you that man and the animals have a common interest, that the prosperity of the one is the prosperity of the others. It is all lies. Man serves the interests of no creature except himself. And among us animals let there be perfect unity, perfect comradeship in the struggle, All men are enemies. All animals are comrades"(Orwell 10). In this quote Orwell is making the connection between Karl Marx(the inventor of communism) and Old Major by having Old Major express the basis of Marx's Communist ideas. Moses represents Orwell's view of the Church. Orwell uses Moses to criticize Marx's belief that the Church will just go away after the rebellion. Jones first used Moses to keep the animals working, and he...

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