Animals’ Behaviour Often Reflect One’s Own

857 words - 4 pages

Throughout many literary works, authors use animals or their behaviour to mimic or represent ideas in order to signify certain aspects of the characters and setting. In the tragic play of Macbeth, William Shakespeare successfully uses animal imagery as a prominent symbol to foresee upcoming events as well to portray Macbeth's growing guilty conscience. Thus, Shakespeare effectively employs animal imagery as a symbol in order to reinforce and highlight Macbeth’s mental deterioration in this tragic play.

As intricate as imagery may enhance a literary piece, Shakespeare uses this technique not only to achieve this very objective, but also to foreshadow forthcoming occurrences throughout the ill-fated play of Macbeth. When Lady Macduff says “The most diminutive of birds, will fight, / Her young ones in her nest, against the owl.”, she compares herself to small or weak birds who will fight against any predator, the owl , to protect its young ones as she would to shield Macduff’s and her son from any harm possible (4.2.12-13). Shakespeare uses the qualities and behaviour of the birds in order to portray them as weak and defenceless. These qualities are especially significant later on, as Lady Macduff and her son are taken advantage of when a few men swiftly murder them. Due to this, the audience is easily able to interpret the imagery as foreshadowing Lady Macduff's weakness when an enemy approaches her and her son. Another instance of where Shakespeare ideally uses animal imagery to allow the audience to recognise a clue to an upcoming event, is when the old man says to Ross, "A falcon tow'ring in her pride of place / Was by a mousing owl hawk'd at and kill'd", to which Ross replies "And Duncan's horses /… / Turn'd wild in nature, broke their stalls, flung out / Contending with obedience …" (2.4.12-17). During this scene, it is apparent that the discussion represents the unnatural events that occurred during the night of the murder of King Duncan. However, observing the conversation between the old man and Ross, it is evident that the animal imagery creates irony in the scene, as it is simply unheard of for an owl to kill a falcon, and for horses to be cannibalistic. Therefore, the animal imagery used in all of the abnormal events that occur throughout the play, Macbeth, not only foreshadows forthcoming incidents, but it also symbolizes Macbeth’s rapidly decreasing sanity. Shakespeare’s use of animal imagery proves Macbeth’s mental downfall as it foreshadows a series of unnatural and horrid events with each more appalling than the previous...

Find Another Essay On Animals’ Behaviour Often Reflect One’s Own

How have Social Psychologists theorised the relationship between attitudes & behaviour, and how successful have these been?

1391 words - 6 pages not like the idea of people killing animals for food would not advocate the eating of meat, and be vegetarian. In a similar way, someone who was interested in being healthy would not smoke. However, this does not always seem to be the case. This seemingly strange attitude-behaviour relationship interested Festinger in 1957. Festinger theorised that this relationship between one's attitude and contradictory behaviour should be known as 'Cognitive

Defining Abnormality Essay

2822 words - 11 pages are often entirely rational, and reflect accurately the unfortunate circumstances in which a person is living. Attempts to put the blame on to the patient may inhibit efforts to produce desirable behaviour. Each of the models explain the origins of abnormality in different ways. However, these models are not necessarily mutually exclusive, since each is effectively examining a different aspect of the individual. The


1105 words - 4 pages new challenges a winning and motivating attitude. In contrast, people low in self-esteem lack confidence and bring to new tasks a losing attitude that traps them in a vicious, self defeating cycle” (Brehm, 1999). (As described above). People who have entered this cycle of low self-esteem tend to undergo a behavioural pattern known as “self-handicapping”, whereby their behaviour is designed to sabotage They’re own performance in order to

The Strengths and Limitations of the Behaviourist Approach in Explaining Behaviour

2150 words - 9 pages , sensations and desires. Introspection relied heavily on thinking, and analysing one’s own thoughts. (Moxon 2006) Watson rejected introspection as he believed the method lacked the detachment necessary to provide information that could be checked by other psychologists, he also thought the method was also too heavily affected by the values of the participant and their bias. Watson wanted to change Psychology from the mind to observable behaviour and he

Proven Methods Of Child Discipline

1458 words - 6 pages giving them the opportunity to develop socially and morally. But how is it possible to approach this task correctly? Using proven methods of discipline through reasoning, positive and negative reinforcement, and observational learning one can effectively discipline their children without risking damage to the child’s social and moral development. Research has shown that using reasoning as a method for discipline more often helps develop a

Animal Cruelty

1391 words - 6 pages , 2008). Animal abuse and family violence tend to be “linked” and tend to happen in the same household. Companion animals are often regarded as family members, if not by the abuser, than by others within the family (McPhedran; 2008). Some Researchers have suggested that domestic violence dwindles down to the pets because the pets are thought of as being a family member within the family (McPhedran; 2008). Research shows that incidences of animal

Concern for the Treatment of Animals Involved in Scientific Research Illustrated in Suzuki's Article, Pain of Animals

598 words - 2 pages . Humans have made great gains in knowledge and understanding of this world and themselves by utilizing other organisms. However, in acquiring these gains we have often ignored the health and the conditions of the species that we have utilized in experimentation. This is the gist of Suzuki’s argument in the article, “The Pain of Animals”. He aims to raise cognizance of the pain and anguish that animals are put through for our own benefits. In this

Robert Ross Symbolism in The Wars Book

1138 words - 5 pages Robert Ross is a sensitive, private boy; last person you would expect to sign up to fight in World War One. In The Wars by Timothy Findley, symbols are used in conjunction with Ross’ story to cause readers to reflect on symbols in their own lives, and to allow then to dive deeper into the world of an innocent boy who is placed into a cruel war. The various symbols in The Wars provide for a graphic and reflective reading experience by emphasizing

Introduction to Ethics

1228 words - 5 pages Ethics “What are we like, and what should we do?”      As humans we are faced with many decisions in life, which in and of itself, distinguishes us from the animal kingdom. I’m sure other animals make decisions, but as humans we take into account our values and morals. In choosing which path to take with some of life’s decisions, ethics, are often at the center; heavily influencing our choices between what is right

Niko Tinbergen's Four Questions

1651 words - 7 pages of filial Imprinting would be to ensure that animals and birds recognise their own species in others, this is benefical to survival for many reasons especially when considering mating and group leant behaviours. This ties in with another of Tienburgs four question regarding development, the development of behaviour is by many regards a causal problem that also involves many functional aspects. If the nature of filial imprinting is an innate act

Freedom-Determinism debate

1693 words - 7 pages Freedom-Determinism Debate The controversy between freewill and determinism has been argued about for years. Freewill is defined as the belief that our behaviour is under our own control and do not act in response to any internal or external factors. Freewill has been found to have four different conditions and to have freewill at least two conditions must be obtained, these are; people have a choice on their actions, have not been coerced

Similar Essays

The Arguements For And Against The Use Of Animals

2228 words - 9 pages . In China this would be considered abuse of ones own ancestors.Ironically, psychologists who carry out animal research must believe that humans have evolved from animals and have common ancestry brains. It is therefore possible to use animals to understand human behaviour. Comparisons are invaluable for allowing us to develop a framework for brain analysis and the localisation of brain functioning (Coolican, 1994). According to Green (1994

Death Essay

967 words - 4 pages Death is an inescapable event in human life. Human beings, to a certain extent, are afraid of the unpredictable and inevitable death issues and deadly threats. Reason behind the anxiety is due to the difficulty to find a definitive answer of a question on life and death (Becker, 1973). We aware their ultimate fate of nonexistence and deaths often occurs uncontrollably. In order to explain the death anxiety, terror management theory (TMT) was

Animal Rights And The Dominant Worldview Toward Animals

1890 words - 8 pages human beings, animals by their nature are not moral agents. They possess no free will, no capacity to tell right from wrong, and cannot reflect on their actions, while they often act quite wonderfully their motions are merely a matter of conditioning” (2). To support Mercer, Cargile quotes, “a human has as much right to eat meat as a hawk or a fox does” (James 13). He considers that it is quite natural to eat animals and use animal products and

Animal Rights Across The World Essay

1851 words - 7 pages are no rights for animals and that “unlike human beings, animals by their nature are not moral agents. They possess no free will, no capacity to tell right from wrong, and cannot reflect on their actions, while they often act quite wonderfully their motions are merely a matter of conditioning” (2). Neil Schulman is another author that holds a dominant worldview and asserts that the ‘animal rights’ movement is relying upon a logical fallacy