Socrates And Plato In Phaedo Essay

1185 words - 5 pages

Socrates a classical Greek philosopher and character of Plato’s book Phaedo, defines a philosopher as one who has the greatest desire of acquiring knowledge and does not fear death or the separation of the body from the soul but should welcome it. Even in his last days Socrates was in pursuit of knowledge, he presents theories to strengthen his argument that the soul is immortal. His attempts to argue his point can’t necessarily be considered as convincing evidence to support the existence of an immortal soul.
Socrates first argument is on the Theory of Opposites in which he discusses the nature of opposite things and beings. Socrates makes his claim that everything that is, comes from its opposite being. “If something smaller comes to be it will come from something larger before, which became smaller” (71a). What he is trying to explain is that something that is considered to be “smaller” requires it to once have been “larger” previously, so its size decreased in time. Just as large and small, Socrates compares the matter of life and death as being opposites in which the soul is what moves on. The issue with this reasoning is that unlike moving from opposites such as small to large or large to small, where an object may increase or decrease, life to death is not a reversible process. Life can move to death but it cannot reverse and move from death to life. Life cannot come from death, and though life is contrary to death it is not the contradicting opposite, and it cannot be considered to follow the Theory of Opposites. It is practically impossible for something to be alive and dead at the same time, so the soul that transfers from life to death it must be able to exist within the body or out of it. Socrates believes that the soul after its separation from the body returns to another lifetime where it regains its access as it once had before its separation from the body. His argument using the Theory of Opposites does not provide enough evidence for a strong enough defense for the immorality of the soul because if the dead were to come back to life then shouldn’t they possess qualities from their previous state of being or living like decreasing and increasing allows the object remain the same in its morphology and purpose.
Socrates argues the Theory of Recollection in which he introduces the idea prior knowledge. His argument is that what we know and learn in our lifetime is what we already had prior knowledge of , and has been brought to us by our soul that had gained that knowledge from a previous lifetime. He considers learning to be no other than a recollection of what was previously learned, “we must at some time have learned what we now recollect”(72e). Recollections according to Socrates suggest that the soul is what possibly could have carried knowledge into our physical bodies. Through recollection, we are able to recall concepts that we in our bodies had never experienced. The idea that an “immortal soul” which is temporarily...

Find Another Essay On Socrates and Plato in Phaedo


990 words - 4 pages Socrates, Plato and Aristotle had virtually the same beliefs about man's relation to the State, although Plato's political theory of the State was more rational than Socrates or Aristotle's. Socrates, Plato and Aristotle all believed that man was not self-sufficient, they believed man would be most happy living in a State. They also believed that all men wanted to live the truly good life where they could be in tune with the truth and achieve

Socrates and Thrasymachus in Republic Essay

2195 words - 9 pages that a moral life is good in and of itself, rather than for its consequences. The dialogue between Socrates and Thrasymachus, and later with Socrates, Glaucon, and Adeimantus prompts Plato to write the rest of Republic in explanation of what a moral community is, and how such a blueprint can be applied to a moral individual. Works Cited 1. Plato (trans. Robin Waterfield). Republic, Oxford University Press Inc., New York. 1998 edition. 2. Nagel, Thomas. “Equality and Partiality,” in Classics of Political and Moral Philosophy, ed. Steven Cahn (Oxford University Press, 2002). 3. Ehrenreich, Barbara. Nickel and Dimed. Henry Holt & Company 2001.

My notes to review for final. The brief overview of Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, and Epicurus.

847 words - 3 pages 1. Socrates Socratic method of teaching: 1) to convince the other of his ignorance; 2) to make a true search for the answer. But sophists believed that 1) virtue could be taught; 2) there is no common knowledge. Socrates' ethical principle: 1) virtue is knowledge/ wisdom. Virtue - excellence, good at doing smth. Plato expands "virtue is knowledge" 1) with psychology; parts of the soul, separate from each other: a) reason - desire for knowledge

Characterise and assess Plato's theory of forms/essences in the first half of the Phaedo (up to 95e).

2848 words - 11 pages the admiration of the jailor for Socrates beautifully illustrates, what is, a moving and extremely touching work. (2) That it is a wonderful piece of pure literature is beyond doubt, yet it also contains a wealth of philosophical material. The central theme in the Phaedo is the immortality of the soul. Subordinate to this claim yet ubiquitous throughout the text is Plato's theory of Forms and it is in this dialogue that they are given their

Honor in Plato, Sophocles, and Voltaire

2944 words - 12 pages Plato writes of a philosophical man condemned to death in the court of law in The Trial and Death of Socrates. Socrates is punished for preaching of his gods and corrupting the youth of Athens. The next piece of work discussed is Antigone, written by Sophocles. Antigone is a young lady who feels it is her duty and obligation to defy Creon’s rule to properly bury her brother. Lastly, the text of Voltaire’s Candide displays how a man cannot

Morality and Laws in The Trial and Death of Socrates

1231 words - 5 pages Morality and Laws in The Trial and Death of Socrates Upon reading Plato, The Trial and Death of Socrates, Socrates strongly held views on the relationship between morality and laws become apparent to the reader. Equally, Socrates makes clear why laws should be followed and why disobedience to the law is rarely justified. Finally, he makes clear his views regarding civil disobedience. Socrates’ view on morality is that anyone can do wrong

Erroneus Assumptions in The Trial and Death of Socrates

2336 words - 9 pages further duty to the city. NOTES [1] Plato, Crito, in The Trial and Death of Socrates, Translated by G. M. A. Grube, Second edition (Indianapolis: Hackett Publishing Company, Inc., 1975), 43-54. [2] Plato, Euthyphro, 3-20. [3] The significance of this conclusion is shocking, for the above argument implies that what has been thought of as one of the most noble decisions in the history of Western civilization was actually the

Arguments of Plato in The Republic and Aristotle in Poetics

1195 words - 5 pages What does imitation (mimesis) involve for Plato and Aristotle? Explain its different features. Mimesis, the ‘imitative representation of the real world in art and literature’ , is a form that was particularly evident within the governance of art in Ancient Greece. Although its exact interpretation does vary, it is most commonly used to describe artistic creation as a whole. The value and need for mimesis has been argued by a number of

Freedom and Responsibility in Understanding of Plato and Kant

1888 words - 8 pages In the works of Plato and Kant we can find both similarities and differences in how they understood the concepts of freedom and responsibility. This essay presents the points in which they converge and also the points in which they diverge in their understandings. Both Plato and Kant give the paramount importance to a person’s ability to reason; they both acknowledge that only through reasoning that is not hindered by prejudices and biases can

The Role of Women and Marriage in Socrates' The Republic

1114 words - 4 pages In his constant quest to find the true meaning of justice and the creation of the ideal city Socrates finds that while many of the element of the city have been properly set forth he forgot to take into account the place women will have in the city and the idea of child-rearing. After some careful discussion about the nature of women and how it would relate to their particular role in the city Socrates and Adeimantus come to the agreement that

The Dilemma in Defining Good Judgement, and Justice, in Socrates' Definition for Justice.

701 words - 3 pages that good judgement is just judgement. Socrates hasn't given us anything to show that it is good to act just for the sake of justice in itself. To assume that good judgement is just judgment would be begging the question. Therefore we must say something substantive about justice and we cannot work with the definition Socrates establishes in book four. Works Cited (1) Plato, editor Morgan, Michael L., "Republic: Book IV." Classics of Moral and Political Theory. 5th ed. Indianapolis: Hackett Pub., 2011. 130-137. Print.

Similar Essays

Socrates In Phaedo Essay

1589 words - 6 pages Socrates in Phaedo In Phaedo, the entire text has something to do with the soul when somebody dies. Socrates explores the philosophical knowledge involves the separation of body and soul, the fear of death, and the proofs that address this fear.According to Socrates, the right practice of philosophy is practicing for death and dying, and only this way can the soul be still exist with reason. Socrates bases his logic on the reasoning that death

Socrates, Plato, And Aristotle Essay

856 words - 3 pages Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle, three men considered to be the quintessential basis of ancient Greek philosophy. Not only were they responsible for Greek enlightenment, but also foreshadowed the coming of Christ in there speculations. Plato, the protégé of Socrates, became the first to document the philosophy of his teacher, which in turn is passed down to Aristotle. This process of mentoring aided ancient man in the intellectual evolution

Plato And Socrates Essay

518 words - 2 pages Plato and Socrates PAGE 3 [Student's Surname][Professor's Name][Course Name][Date]What Do Plato And Socrates Believe Іs Thе Reason For Humans To Do Thе Right Thing?ThemePlato's ovеrall aim іn "Thе Apology" іs to show thаt Socrates was thе best, аnd wіsest, аnd most righteous mаn of hіs time. Plato, through hіs Apology, secured thе acquіttal of

Recollection In Plato's Phaedo And Meno

590 words - 2 pages Recollection in Plato's Phaedo and Meno As the earliest philosopher from whom we have written texts, Plato is often misrepresented as merely reproducing Socratic rhetoric. In Meno, one of the first Platonic dialogues, Plato offers his own unique philosophical theory, infused with his mentor's brilliant sophistry. Amidst discussing whether or not virtue can be taught, Meno poses a difficult paradox: How can one be virtuous, or seek virtue