This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Phaedo By Socrates Essay

1615 words - 7 pages

In Plato’s dialogue, Phaedo, Echecrades asks Phaedo the details of Socrates’ last day alive. Phaedo first describes his own countenance as well as the rest of Socrates’ companions as “an unaccustomed mixture of pleasure and pain” because they all know that Socrates’ death is imminent, however they see that Socrates appears happy and without fear (58, e). The conversation with Socrates turns to why a philosopher should not fear death. Socrates defines death as the separation of the soul from the body (64, c). He states that the body is a constant impediment to a philosopher in their search for the truth. Socrates says that the body “fills us with wants, desires, fears, all sorts of illusions ...view middle of the document...

The first way in which Socrates’ myth reinforces his recommendation of philosophy as care for the soul is by explaining what happens to the men who indulge in vices. The second way in which Socrates’ myth reinforces philosophy as care for the soul is by explaining the cycle which continues until the soul purifies itself through philosophy. The final way in which Socrates’ myth reinforces his recommendation of philosophy as care for the soul is by explaining how the pure souls of philosophers are rewarded.
The first way in which Socrates’ myth reinforces his recommendation of philosophy as care for the soul is by explaining what happens to the men who indulge in vices. Vices are driven by an over attachment to the body. A true philosopher does not care for food, drink, or sex. He practices asceticism and seeks the truth. Men who are passionately attached to the body do not seek the truth and are easily persuaded by the body, its desires, and its illusions (64, d). Men wander in the underworld because they are bound to the characteristics they possessed in their lifetime. Those who practice gluttony, violence, and drunkenness eventually end up in the company of donkeys (81, d). Those who esteem injustice and tyranny end up in the company of wolves (82, a). Those who practice social and popular virtue without true understanding or practice of philosophy end up as bees, wasps, or ants (82, b). After the body dies, the soul meets a guardian spirit which leads it down to the underworld where it is judged (107, e). When being led to the underworld, a soul “passionately attached” to the body lingers in the visible world and is reluctant to leave. It is only when a guardian forces it into the underworld that it departs from the visible world. On its journey through the underworld, other souls see it is impure and shun it, “unwilling to be its fellow traveler or its guide” (108, b). The impure soul, who was vehemently attached to the body in life, wanders aimlessly until it eventually reaches its “proper dwelling place” (108, b). The souls who are judged and seen as incurable because they “committed many great sacrileges or wicked and unlawful murders and other such wrongs” are sent to Tartarus with no hope of ever escaping or reincarnating (113, d). The way to avoid this fate is by practicing true philosophy. Philosophers need not fear death because they will “attain the greatest blessing” which is that the soul which was previously hindered by the body will attain the knowledge and truth it sought in life (66, b- d). Socrates says that “those who practice philosophy in the right way are in training for dying and they fear death least of all men.” (67, e). Philosophers fear death least because they know they have avoided vices which are promoted by attachment to the body which lead to an unhappy fate in the underworld. The first way in which Socrates’ myth reinforces his recommendation of philosophy as care for the soul is by explaining what happens to...

Find Another Essay On Phaedo by Socrates

Innate Knowledge and Death Essay

2132 words - 9 pages children are being entertained by old friends that have not yet been captured by the corporeal entity of the flesh. As Socrates points out, “Then our souls had a previous existence, Simmias, before they took on this human shape. They were independent of our bodies and they were possessed of intelligence” (Phaedo 76c). Referring back to Genesis chapter two verse seven and the Lord God breathing the breath of life into a mortal man giving him a soul

Death as Analyzed through Socrates and Hamlet

2343 words - 9 pages to save his comrades of both misology and more importantly, the fear of death by attempting to prove the immortality of the soul. These two can be thought of as the minotaurs. The myth of Theseus and the Minotaur, which involved Theseus saving fourteen young children and ultimately all of Athens, directly relates to the fourteen friends Phaedo listed as the ones who sat and listened to the “logoae” expressed by Socrates, Cebes, and Simmias

Courage, Virtue, and the Immortality of the Soul: According to Socrates

2174 words - 9 pages . The third point of this argument is that “If it [soul] is pure when it leaves the body and drags nothing bodily with it, as it had no willing association with the body in life, but avoided it and gathered itself together by itself and always practiced this, which is no other than practicing philosophy in the right way, in fact, training to die easily” (Phaedo, 81A). Socrates has said that if one’s soul has been properly freed from bodily influence

The Complicated Life of Socrates

1411 words - 6 pages was created. The Socratic Dialogue is a series of dialogues, somewhat displaying and creating clues of Socrates’ life and death. These dialogues were written by Plato, Aristotle, and Xenophon. These dialogues are mostly monologues, sometimes delivered by Socrates himself. Plato wrote many monologues and dialogues, including Apology, Phaedo, and the Euthyphro. The Phaedo discusses Socrates’ imprisonment to his death. The Euthyphro centers on the

Plato’s Theory of “Recollection”

1678 words - 7 pages thing but also thinks of another thing of which the knowledge is not the same but different, are we not right to say that he recollects the second thing that comes into his mind” (Plato, Phaedo p111, 73c) These two definitions indicate three essential prerequisites to establish “recollection”. 1) Necessity of inner knowledge. In Meno, Socrates questions Meno’s slave to prove no matter whom a person is, the person always has “right opinions” within


1284 words - 5 pages ), and it operated until 529 AD, when it was closed by Justinian I of Byzantium, who saw it as a threat to the propagation of Christianity. Many intellectuals were schooled in the Academy, the most prominent one being Aristotle. Plato and Socrates Plato made himself seem as though he were part of the Socratic entourage but never says so explicitly. In the Phaedo the title character lists those who were in attendance at the prison on Socrates

The Immortality of the Soul

1558 words - 6 pages Plato has roused many readers with the work of a great philosopher by the name of Socrates. Through Plato, Socrates lived on generations after his time. A topic of Socrates that many will continue to discuss is the idea of “an immortal soul”. Although there are various works and dialogues about this topic it is found to be best explained in The Phaedo. It is fair to say that the mind may wonder when one dies what exactly happens to the beloved

Outline Plato’s Arguments For The Distinct Existence Of The Soul

1235 words - 5 pages of believing in a distinct soul dissipates.In the Phaedo Plato's arguments for an immortal soul also support his view of the soul as a distinct entity. In evaluating the success of his argument s we first have to evaluate the success of his arguments for the immortality of the soul.It has to be remarked that the arguments put forward by Plato through Socrates in the Phaedo are extremely weak and grossly presumptuous. In the first instance the

Why Plato Says Recollection

1571 words - 7 pages , “right opinion” does not guarantee right result. However, “answer” is different, generally it is based on objective thinking and reasoning. So called “right answer” in Phaedo, is different from its meaning, as Socrates says “A man who has knowledge would be able to give an account of what he knows” (Plato, Phaedo p114, 76b), if they are the same, it is no need to qualify “answer” with “right”. Therefore, “right answer” only means “right

Characterise and assess Plato's theory of forms/essences in the first half of the Phaedo (up to 95e)

2848 words - 11 pages Plato's TombEAGLE! Why soarest thou above that tomb?To what sublime and star-ypaven homeFloatest thou? -I am the image of swift Plato's spirit,Ascending heaven; Athens doth inheritHis corpse below.P. B. Shelley. (1)Plato's Phaedo is a work that stands proud amongst the great works of Greek literature. The serenity of Socrates as he spends his last few hours before he drinks the hemlock is admirable. The theme of friendship is deeply moving. Even

Recollection in Plato's Phaedo and Meno

590 words - 2 pages . Near the end of Meno, Socrates observes: For true opinions, so long as they stick around, are a fine thing and do all sorts of good. But they are not willing to stick around for long. Rather, they escape from one's mind, so that they are not worth much until one ties them down by figuring out the cause. (97e-98e) Thus true opinion, on the other hand, is of things circumstantial and conditional, and remains only temporarily in the soul's

Similar Essays

Socrates In Phaedo Essay

1589 words - 6 pages Socrates in Phaedo In Phaedo, the entire text has something to do with the soul when somebody dies. Socrates explores the philosophical knowledge involves the separation of body and soul, the fear of death, and the proofs that address this fear.According to Socrates, the right practice of philosophy is practicing for death and dying, and only this way can the soul be still exist with reason. Socrates bases his logic on the reasoning that death

Socrates And Plato In Phaedo Essay

1185 words - 5 pages tried to relate back to the theories because the possibility that the soul lives on forever leads to so many questions that all don’t necessarily have a reasonable answer or an answer at all, therefore Socrates idea that the soul is immortal is false. Works Cited "Phaedo, by Plato." : Phaedo. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 Apr. 2014. Plato, and G. M. A. Grube. "Phaedo." Five Dialogues. Indianapolis, IN: Hackett Pub., 2002. 93- 154. Print.

T He Soul Is Immortal Essay

916 words - 4 pages Immortal'.In the play Phaedo, Plato asserts that 'The Soul in Immortal' and proves his assertion by providing arguments to support it. The play Phaedo is written by Plato, and it takes place in the Peloponnesian township of Phlius. Echecrates meets Phaedo who is one of the persons who was present during Socrates final hours and he urges Phaedo to tell him the whole story. Although Plato himself seemed to be ill and was not present at the prison on

'the Death Of Socrates' Essay

702 words - 3 pages In contemporary with the Age of Enlightenment, also called the Age of Reason in France, neoclassical painters used famous works of literature as a source of inspiration for their paintings. The Death Of Socrates (1787; Oil on canvas, 129.5 x 196.2 cm or 51 x 77 1/4 in) by Jacques Louis David, is a perfect example of a neoclassical painter using a famous work of literarue, in this case Plato's Phaedo, as his source of inspiration. Plato's