Golden death masks, elaborate tombs filled with priceless artifacts, and jewelry
made by the best of goldsmiths: these things were all created for the ancient rulers of egypt. From the start of Egyptian history the rulers were believed to be divine, even god-like. (Meltzer 141). Egypt’s pharaohs wore fine apparel, had many duties, and are famous for what they did. While there are many male pharaohs,however, there were few female rulers. Egyptians believed in the afterlife; a place people went after death. Along with this belief, egyptians thought that there were many steps to the life beyond. Pharaohs were the kings of the ancient world and had many duties to keep Egypt in balance.
Pharaohs were the supreme rulers of Ancient Egypt. The earliest pharaohs were believed to be gods and later pharaohs were descendants of gods. Keeping the gods happy meant happy lives for the Egyptians (Kennett 4). This was one of the reasons people gave gifts to the pharaoh. It was one of the duties of the pharaohs to celebrate the gods and remind the people of their religion (Kennet 4). Fashion was very important to the egyptians. The pharaohs wore kohl (black eyeliner) for fashion and also to protect themselves from the sun. Pharaohs often wore faux beards and lots of jewelry. One of the most famous pharaohs was Tutankhamun. King Tut is probably most famous because he inherited the throne at such a young age. Other famous pharaohs were Ramesses II and Thutmose III.
Even though there were many male pharaohs, female pharaohs are probably the most famous. Woman first received power when they were the wives of the pharaohs (“The Female Pharaoh”) Nitocris was the first woman to rule. Almost nothing is know about her except that she ruled after the death of King Pepi II. After Nitocris reign Queen Sobeknefru was the next to rule. Then Hatsheput and Cleopatra. The third woman to rule was Queen Hatshepsut. She was the daughter of one king and the wife of another. After her husband died she took the throne. Hatshepsut’s reign brought prosperity to Egypt. After building a temple on the west bank at Luxor, Hatshepsut changed her title from queen to king. In many paintings she is dressed in a full male dress and faux beard (Meltzer 143). More than 1,000 years later Cleopatra VII, the most famous of the female pharaohs ruled. Few stories about her are hard fact because there is such little information on her. Cleopatra Vll became the queen at eighteen. After being captured in 30 B.C. she...