- Author: Paul writing from prison in Rome is what most scholars agree upon as clearly the letter itself comes from him (1:1). Additionally, the writings of the early church fathers attest to Pauline authorship (Walvoord & Zuck, 1984). There are indubitable echoes of the epistle in Polycarp’s Letter to the Philippians, with earlier allusions in the letters of Ignatius and Clement (Martin, 2009). The letter itself was comprised of 221 lines by ancient line count (stichoi) in each (McRay, 2003).
Paul’s prison letters are Ephesians, Philippians, Colossians, and Philemon written while in prison, however, there is not positive proof whether the letters were from his imprisonment in Rome or ...view middle of the document...
17-18). In the remainder of his earthly course, he is joyous for the willing financial support provided by those to whom he has ministered (4.10). In addition, the spirit of unity of the people makes his joy full (2.2).
Another theme of Philippians is that of attitude or mentality. The epistle instructs the believer concerning inner life. Fixing our thoughts on what is true, and honorable, and right, and pure, and lovely, and admirable (4.8).
Paul warns against the Judaizers, the dogs who do evil, who practice mutilation instead of circumcision (3.2). The evil workers that believe it is partly by works. Conversely, it is by inward faith in Christ alone with no one’s own merit mixed in. Reliance on Christ is the key, put no confidence in human effort (3.3).
Another theme of the epistle is that of fellowship or Koinonia (Walvoord & Zuck, 1984). The epistle refers to three types of fellowship. First, the Philippian believers were joint participants in the gospel (1.5). This meant that they had common responsibilities to the gospel. Second, Paul referred to the fellowship of the Spirit (2.1), denoting those experiences shared by all believers by virtue of their relationship to the Holy Spirit. Finally, Paul stated that one of his personal purposes in life was...