This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Phillip Ii Of Macedon Essay

2142 words - 9 pages

Phillip II of Macedon

The year was 359 BC. Greece, though weary from constant internal struggling still had supreme power over the Hellenistic world. Persia, though it had suffered large setback in the Persian Wars more then a century before was still a menacing force. The Barbarian State of Macedon was led by warrior kings who aspired to be Greek, yet ruled over a feudal society that was as multicultural as any of its time. Good morning Miss Boeston and class. Today's seminar will conclusively prove to you the statement that "Philip II of Macedon was responsible for the rise to greatness of the Macedonian Empire in the Fourth Century BC" by examining several issues associated with Philip's rule.
Macedon was a weak power, with possible invaders from many points, no access to the Aegean Sea, due to a circle of Greek cities, and a general lack of development in respect to internal governing and external relations. Within the next 36 years the backward state of Macedon would grow into the greatest empire the world had ever seen, enriched with culture of the Greeks, the strength of the Persians and the tactical brilliance of the man the made it all possible, Philip II of Macedon.
Philip II of Macedon was born in 382 BC in the city of Pella, the son of King Amyntas II, but Philip would not ascend to the throne until after the death of his brother.
From the age of fifteen, Philip was a Macedonian hostage living in Thebes during the height of the Theban hegemony. He was a political hostage, and generally treated well. He was held only as an insurance against hostilities between Thebes and Macedon, and it was his three years living as a Greek that gave Philip an advantage as he established himself as the major power in the Greek world. Philip admired the Greek way of life. He began to think of himself more Greek then Macedonian. He became well integrated into the politics and military of Greece, learning Greek political tactics and military strategy. Philip, in effect, had learned to be a Greek general. He had also seen how weak Greece was becoming with its painstakingly slow democratic system and the general disunity that was becoming predominant after many years of internal quarreling. Also, his time in Thebes gave him a greater understanding of the geography of Greece. He learned the strongholds, and the weak cities of Greek society, and this would prove priceless in later expeditions.
When his brother died, he left his infant son, Amyntas as the heir to the throne. Philip was, therefore, made regent, and had control of Macedon. He succeeded to the throne in 359 BC in the traditional Macedonian custom -- a round of family assassinations. Macedon, at the time of Philip's ascension to the throne, was not a very highly regarded northern state whose power depended upon a warrior aristocracy. The kingship rested more on personal ascendancy then institutions. Philip disposed of the young heir and immediately began implementing his plans...

Find Another Essay On Phillip II of Macedon

Alexander The Great Essay

369 words - 2 pages like Egypt, Persia, Mesopotamia, and Asia Minor. At the age of twenty-four he was king of more than three countries.Alexander the Great became king of Macedon in 336 B.C.E. ascending his father?s throne. Since his father, Philip II, had conquered Greece too. Beginning his voyage in 334, at the age of twenty, Alexander crossed the Hellespont into Asia. The Persian offered Alexander battle at the Granicus River on the coast of Asia Minor. Alexander

Alexander the Great Essay

1166 words - 5 pages leadership style did he possessed that put him above all the rest? Alexander the Child Born July 20, 356 B.C. in the Pella region of Macedonia, Alexander the Great was destined to rule. His parents King Phillip II of Macedon and Queen Olympia, daughter of King Neoptolemus, raised young Alexander and his sister in the Pella’s royal court. Growing up Alexander rarely seen his father, who spent most of his time engaged in military activity and extra

The Life of Alexander the Great (Written from Alexander the Great's Perspective)

1816 words - 7 pages , Alexander the Great was a one of the greatest conquerors of all time. "My O my son, look thee out a kingdom equal to and worthy of thyself, for Macedonia is too little for thee." (Plutarch 10). My father, King Philip II, said just after I was born. I was born around 356 BCE to King Phillip II, of Macedon; and Olympias (“Alexander the Great” 2). My mother, Olympias was the princess from Epirus, west of Macedonia (Martin 66). Philip believed that

WAS ALEXANDER THE GREAT REALLY GREAT? - ancient history - essay

798 words - 4 pages evaluate the perspectives through a discussion of Alexander’s reign through historical evidence. It will also analyse the different perspectives on how “great” Alexander the great really was. Alexander the Great was born in the Pella region of the Ancient Greek kingdom of Macedonia on July 20 356 BC[footnoteRef:2] born to Phillip II Macedon the King of the Ancient Greek kingdom of Macedon and Queen Olympia, daughter of King Neoptolemus Greek King of

How did Alexander win the loyalty of those he conquered and was this important to him?

1096 words - 4 pages Alexander the Great was undoubtedly one of the greatest leaders of all time. A man whose conquests were unimaginable at the time and unmatchable to this day. By taking his army from the insignificant country of Macedon to huge campaigns across half a continent, Alexander proved that his skills as a leader far surpassed any other of the day. Certainly he had a solid foundation to work from, laid down by his father Phillip II, but crafting the

The Machiavellian Struggle

1020 words - 5 pages The time of the reformation was a time of heavy politics, political wars, and religious attacks and conflicts. This was a period of growth for some countries, such as England, and a time of decline for other countries like Spain. These two particular countries, England and Spain, had two very powerful rulers who helped determine the fate of their nations. Phillip II of Spain was born into a very powerful family of extremely Machiavellian

The Shaping of Alexander the Great

759 words - 4 pages of the inspirations in the very young part of his life such as King Philip of Macedon, his teacher Leonidas, and the Macedonian army. Alexander’s father, King Philip of Macedon, had the largest impact on Alexander’s destiny. Alexander knew that one day he would become the king of Macedon. Alexander had to look up to his father to learn how to be an effective king. King Philip also knew that he had to teach Alexander the responsibilities of

The Conquests of Alexander the Great

2866 words - 11 pages Alexander the Great, a Macedonian King, is considered one of the most successful and influential military commanders in world history. Alexander was born in July of 356 BC, at Pella, Macedon. He was the son of King Philip II of Macedon and his fourth wife, the Eprius princess, Olympias. However, legend explains that Alexander's real father was Zeus, not Philip. Arixstandros Telmisy, a distinguished oracle, determined that Olympias was pregnant

Character Analysis in Theodore Taylor's The Cay

693 words - 3 pages "In Theodore Taylor’s The Cay (1969), Phillip Enright, a twelve-year-old boy who lives on the small Dutch island of Curacao, is shipwrecked with Timothy, an old black man, once the Germans have torpedoed their boat during World War II. Having been knocked unconscious, Phillip then wakes up in a raft with Timothy and Stew Cat, the cook’s cat that has survived the explosion. Phillip at first does not trust Timothy because of his own prejudice, but

Alexander the Great: Was He Really That Great?

1125 words - 5 pages king of Macedon, Philip II, and his wife Olympias, Alexander the Great spent much of his childhood learning to be a leader and claim the title of the greatest military leader the world has ever known. ‘My boy, you must find a kingdom big enough for your ambition. Macedon is too small for you.’ This quote said by King Philip, proves Alexanders parents were the encouragement that later influenced his behaviour (Clode, G 2010). As such, the hypothesis

Alexander the Great

726 words - 3 pages 8 to 36 men deep rectangular mass formation made for heavy infantry soldiers. The simple Greek formation had been made more adaptable by Phillip II of Macedon and Alexander the Great. The primary unit of Alexander’s phalanx was the syntagma that was usually 16 men deep. Each of these soldiers was armed with the sarrissa, which was a 13-21-foot spear. In formation, the first five of these ranks held their sarissas horizontally facing the

Similar Essays

King Phillip Ii Of Spain Essay

836 words - 4 pages Lorenzo de El Escorial, Spain. Phillip II lead Spain to the height of its power, but Phillip was never able to accomplish two of his major goals; to stop Protestantism and stop the rebellion in the Netherlands. You can’t say Phillip’s reign was nothing but failures, he did have some of the most amazing victories as well, like the one against the Ottoman Empire, stopping them from expanding into Europe. Also he set up the first trans-Pacific trade

Philip Ii Of Macedon Historical Debates Concerning The Life Of King Philip Of Macedon

2144 words - 9 pages Born in 382 BC, Philip II was one of the most significant figures in Macedonian history. While he is most commonly recognized as the father of the renowned Alexander the Great, Philip also deserves recognition as the man responsible for the unification of a divided Macedon and creator of the most innovative and effective military structure the ancient world had ever seen.The son of Amyntas III, Philip was taken hostage in Thebes at the age of

Phillip Ii Of Spain Essay

1119 words - 4 pages Philip II played a tremendous part of Spain’s illustrious history. He played a crucial role in making Spain one of the strongest counties in historic times. Philip was born in Valladolid on the 21st of May 1527 and was the only legitimate son of Holy Roman Emperor Charles V, by his wife Isabella of Portugal. (www.wikipedia.com) Philip II was easily one of the most influential characters of his time for several reasons.Philip was not just

Alexander The Great Essay

596 words - 2 pages ALEXANDER THE GREATAlexander the Great was seen as a genius and the greatest conqueror of the classical times. He played many parts and was able to distinguish between those in everyday life. There is a wide variety of components involved with this leader but will focus on his background, cultural contributions, social conflicts, and the claim that he is a genius.Alexander was born in 356 B.C.E., the son of Phillip II and Olympias of Macedon. He