This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Philosophers: Niccolo Machiavelli, John Locke And Karl Marx

1017 words - 5 pages

With great ideas, comes and follows great change. Niccolo Machiavelli, John Locke and Karl Marx are renowned philosophers who paved way to the most prominent forms of government in the world. Through their literature they have created a huge wave of revolutionary ideas that exist in the several forms of government to this day. On one hand, Machiavelli advocates political absolutism. It is a form of government in which the governed accept the powers granted to a single ruler usually vested in a king or an emperor by divine manifestation. On the other hand, both Locke and Marx contradict the Machiavellian ideology of government. In contrast, Locke and Marx both have coinciding ideals, in ...view middle of the document...

The state is deemed indispensable and necessary to the achievement of the greatest good. Machiavelli is utilitarian in his views of government. Whatever gives the king political power no matter how shrewd and apathetic the actions maybe, is considered upstanding. The state has standards to meet its interests such as peace and order, the protection of its citizens and therefore must have everything in its disposal. This is the justification for the use of power to protect the interests of the state and its ruler. Consequently, Machiavelli’s ideas heavily lean towards despotic rule. According to him, morality is not a prerequisite for a leader. With morality, the things he has at his disposal are limited. The ruler might use deceptions, assassinations or conspiracies, all of which devoid morality, to protect his interests. Morality is more favorable for citizens because it makes them obey the rules of the land and inspire civic duty. However, Machiavelli distrusts human nature. If all men in society are inherently corrupt and flawed, then an absolute power must be required to tame the beast of human evil. A supreme power must be required to control the imprudent desires of men. The essence of Machiavellian rule therefore, is that political order can only be attained only through political power. Contrarily, the principles of John Locke on government oppose the despotic and centric power of Machiavellian Government. In Locke’s view, the government must not have the absolute power that controls the people. He objected to the British royalist rule and instead pushed towards limited government and rule. Locke was a proponent of the abolition of absolute monarchy to be replaced by constitutional government during the Glorious Revolution 1688. Locke’s theory emphasized the rule of natural law. The law of nature relies on consciousness and rationality. The state under the law of nature is one of good cooperation, mutual respect and the preservation of peace. Unlike Machiavelli, Locke trusts human nature and assumes that people are rational beings. Despite their flaws, they are capable of being reasonable...

Find Another Essay On Philosophers: Niccolo Machiavelli, John Locke and Karl Marx

Comparing Karl Marx and John Stuart Mill

4526 words - 18 pages originally issued in several languages, including an English version. According to Mark, the modern age is a dangerous age, an age in which we might be alienated from that individual independence in work and in mind which defines our humanity. Confronted by this crisis, Karl Marx and John Stuart Mill offer the world diverging solutions: annihilate the existing world and march toward communism, or guard against the dangers of the existing world

Analysis of the industrial revolution with comparisons of various "fathers" of the modern industrial machine such as: John Locke, Karl Marx and Robert Owens

2707 words - 11 pages dominated economy to a more industrial based society.The industrial revolution took place throughout Europe in very different times and in very different ways. Many great thinkers contributed to the industrial revolution, Adam Smith, though alive for only the very beginning of the period, was a huge contributor to its concepts and ideals. There were many critics of the revolution as well. Karl Marx is perhaps one of the most well known and

A Comparison of the Economic Philosophies of Adam Smith, John Stuart Mill, and Karl Marx

1811 words - 7 pages As far back as man has been on earth, he has been driven towards building a community among his peers. Whether that is a community of hunters and gatherers who share whatever the day has brought to them within their tribe, or a larger community which within its structure lie the inner dwellings of division of labor and societal classes. Adam Smith (18th Century), John Stuart Mill (19th Century), and Karl Marx (19th Century) are of the same

Economis Theorists- Adam Smith, Karl Marx, and John Maynard Keynes and their contributions to the field of economics

597 words - 2 pages Throughout the centuries, there have been many economists, who have contributed to the many economic theories. Among them is Adam Smith, also known as the Father of Capitalism. His theory on beneficial workings of the free marketplace and his 1776 Wealth of Nations is what he is most noted for. Karl Marx, the Father of Communism, is most famous for his theory on the conflict within capitalism. There is also John Maynard Keynes, who is known as

Niccolo Machiavelli and Political Philosophy

655 words - 3 pages Niccolo Machiavelli and Political Philosophy Niccolo Machiavelli is revered as the founder of modern political philosophy. He was considered a "realist" because he concerned himself only with the political situations that actually arose in reality, where as previous philosophers were concerned largely with the theoretical politics of an "idealist" perfect society. In Machiavellis' The Prince, written to the ruler of Florence at the time

Karl Marx and Communism

1717 words - 7 pages Karl Marx and Communism Were Karl Marx ideas on communism moral? It is quite obvious that some societies do or did believe that communism was a good way of life. Even though there are many drawbacks to communism there are still some advantages. Karl Marx is a man of intrigue he only did what he wanted to and not what others wanted him to do. Upon completion of my research I feel that Marx was a very bright man. His ideas may not be all

Karl Marx and Capitalism

1179 words - 5 pages be, regardless of socioeconomic rules. However, these would all rely on a third party referee that is neither the bourgeois or proletariat, and that, logic dictated, would be impossible. Only in the destruction of capitalism would the successor emerge. Works Cited Heilbroner, Robert L. The Worldly Philosophers: The Lives, Times, and Ideas of the Great Economic Thinkers. New York: Touchstone Publishing, 1999. Marx, Karl. Das Kapital. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Modern Library, 1906. Russell, Bertrand. "Freedom in Society." March 1926. Harper's Magazine. 6 August 2011 .

Karl Marx and Marxism

631 words - 3 pages Karl Marx and MarxismKarl Marx set the wheels of modern Communism andSocialism in motion with his writings in the late nineteenthcentury. In collaboration with his friend, Heinrich Engels, heproduced the The Communist Manifesto, written in 1848.Many failed countries' political and socio-economic structureshave been based on Marx's theories, for example the USSR, EastGermany etc. Many people believe that Marxism is notapplicable to today's

Karl Marx and Capitalism

965 words - 4 pages Karl Marx, in the Capital, developed his critique of capitalism by analyzing its characteristics and its development throughout history. The critique contains Marx’s most developed economic analysis and philosophical insight. Although it was written in 1850s, its values still serve an important purpose in the globalized world and maintains extremely relevant in the twenty-first century. Karl Marx’s critique of political economy provides a

Hobbes, Locke, Rousseau, and Machiavelli

2342 words - 9 pages society is a direct creation of the state and a reflection of the ruler. The ruler dictates what is right and what is wrong. Hobbes's view supports people like Hitler who are judge, jury, and executioner. John Locke lived primarily during the seventeenth century. Locke's approach to politics was on the opposite end of the spectrum from Machiavelli and Hobbes even though he lived during the same era as Hobbes. While one might look at Hobbes as a

Karl Marx and Frederick Engels

1757 words - 7 pages Karl Marx and Frederick Engels Karl Marx and Frederic Engels were two very liberal, politically left, philosophers. This means that they were in favor of a large government that is comprised of the people, and involved in the lives of these people. One may reflect that this does not sound very different from the influence the United States government has on the lives of its citizens, a large providing government that acts on the will of

Similar Essays

Elite Philosophers: John Locke, Niccolo Machiavelli, Karl Marx And Friedrich Engels

1576 words - 7 pages In the early nineteenth century after the recession had nearly wiped out peoples hope in Europe, there emerged four elite philosophers who gave people something to believe in: John Locke, Niccolo Machiavelli, Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels. New perspectives on people and politics soon started to surface and arguments arose about what ideologies others had. It could be said that Locke saw Machiavelli to represent the interests of the monarch

Chronological Issues And Their Philosophical Solutions A Comparison Of 3 European Thinkers And Their Writtings: John Locke, Karl Marx And Fredrick Engels, And Niccolo Machiavelli

1059 words - 4 pages Chronological Issues And Their Philosophical SolutionsThroughout history, there have been many philosophers who have looked at their environments, all seeking the remedies to the social, economic, and political problems faced by its people. Among them are Niccolo Machiavelli, John Locke, and Karl Marx and Fredrick Engels. Each of the authors' ideas and writings are influenced by, and reflect, the problems that they faced during their time. This

John Locke Versus Karl Marx Essay

1445 words - 6 pages Two of the most influential and celebrated modern political thinkers, Karl Marx and John Locke, have made countless insightful and compelling arguments, expressing their ideas on various conditions of the individual, state, and the interactions between the two. Marx was a German political thinker who was best known for his works with idea of communism and social class divisions. Locke was an English philosopher famous for his social contract and

Compare And Contrast The Philosophies Of John Locke, Thomas Hobbes, And Karl Marx

772 words - 3 pages society, Karl Marx, John Locke, and Thomas Hobbes had three different ways to reach to the same destination. Karl Marx claimed that "History is economics in action". John Locke's political theory advocates for common people can protest against an unjust ruler. Thomas Hobbes's "Leviathan" illustrates administration of natural and civil laws, as it powers many individuals who make themselves its people. "The philosophers have only interpreted the world