Philosophical Exploration Of Human Free Will

1144 words - 5 pages

Choices that people make have a giant place in their lives. Most of us consider that we do these choices freely, that we have free will to make these choices. The point that most of us miss is free will is not simple as is it looks like. When one makes choices doesn’t he consider that what would that choices lead him to? Therefore does he make those choices for his benefits or his desires to make those choices? Does the environment push him to make those choices or does he have the free will to ignore his own environment? Philosopher and writes splits around those questions. There is different thesis, beliefs about free will. Some say that we are conditioned from birth with qualities of our personality, social standing and attitudes. That we do not have free will, our choices shapes up by the world we born in to. Some others believe that we born as a blank paper we could shape by the occasions or choices that we make freely. Marry Midgley on her article “Freedom and Heredity” defends that without certain limitations for instance our talents, capacities, natural feelings we would not need to use free will. Those limitations lead us to use free will and make choices freely. She continues without our limitations we do not need to use free will. Free will needs to be used according to our needs but when mentioning need not as our moral need as our needs to what could we bring up with our capacities. We need to use our free will without stereotypes. Furthermore free will should be shaped by the choice that would lead us good consequences.
In “Where is The Free Will” by Gordon M. Orloff, he claims that there is no such a thing as free will. He supports determinism against free will. In the article he generally shows what determinist believes. Determinists split around three parts hard determinists, soft determinists, and indeterminism. Gordon M. Orloff basically supports hard determinism. He support that’s every action that we take is from our instincts or the situations that we in. he asserts that when we confront to something we first process that issue with our brains. He gives interactions between opposite sexes for instance. People first think about lust when interact with opposite sex but our brains know that lust is a sin and doing such sins causes us to feel guilty. Orloff says that we give decisions either conscious or unconscious. More clearly, he claims that whether we choose something accrue or not with judgment of our brains. Therefore, we make those choices automatically, based on our instincts. (Orloff 2002) On the other hand Midgley supports that determinists only give examples about our instincts against free actions. She claims our abilities shapes up which way we would take or actions we would make.
Midgley asserts in her article that; humans have capacities that they have those since their born. She supports that people should improve their abilities according to their capacities. For instance she...

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