Philosophical Interpretation Of "Reality" Essay

1649 words - 7 pages

THE SENSESConcepts and ideologies, such as the "Veil of Maya", have tried to declare the philosophical interpretation of the "reality' of the world. These conceptions are helpful in analyzing the importance of our senses and to assess the belief that whatever we observe is not all reality but there is something beyond that apparent reality. Philosophers like Plato and Aristotle have developed their own theories relating to the reality of the world and which gives us the necessary knowledge to judge our senses as a means to observe the outer world. Plato has defined the objective world as an illusion and relates to objective appearances, which we call objects, things etc, as illusionary objects. His classical example of slaves staring at shadows can best define his conception of objects and things. According to him, the real world objects that we term as things or physical body are nothing more than shadows and those who limit their perception to these "shadows" are separating themselves from reality. Hence, Plato's philosophy of real world implies that whatever we experience in our daily lives, through our senses, is in fact an illusion and the reality is something beyond that illusion.Plato's philosophical doctrine implies that not one of us actually lives in external reality and even if we did we were unable to understand it. When we are experiencing any situation such as watching a landscape or walking across a road, we are actually assigning the meaning to the external "real" world through our visual cortex. Whatever we see around us is believed to be an illusion, called by the philosophers as the "Veil of Maya".The conception of Maya, as defined by the metaphysicians, is that whatever we can see, feel, hear sense through our five senses is not the only "reality' of world and that the reality is far beyond what our senses can actually experience. For instance, if one would never observe or experience the happening of any event, he/she will never believe on the existence of it because he/she has never experienced it through his/her five senses. The ideology of "Veil of Maya" implies that the limited level of knowledge gained by us through our five senses, leads us to the misconception that this world, that we can feel and observe, is the only truth, which in fact is not the case. It argues that by removing the Veil of Maya, one can reach to the ultimate truth or can discover "reality". In short, it claims that what we see, feel and believe on is not the end of the world.While considering the issue as to whether our senses provide us the complete picture of the world or not, one should consider going through the theories and conceptions of the pioneering philosophers, who have explored this avenue. In this regard, the works of Plato and Aristotle are considered to be the basis of the later theories. Our objective here is to define whether reality is ultimately what our senses experience or it is something beyond that. According to Plato,...

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