Philosophy Essay

898 words - 4 pages

Philosophy Lecture 4Typhoid Mary (Relates to the article cold equation)Was a simple housemaid that lived in New York CityThe presence of Mary was a grave danger for everyone elseShe was locked up in a war for 23 years before she diedShe was also danger to herselfCold EquationsIs it really true that the pilot had no choice that he had no alternativeBut he did have two choice (a) Marilyn dies (b) eight die: Marilyn ,Barton and six menRegardless of what choice you use, Marilyn will dieHowever in Mariylns particular case Choice B gives another differenceIt gives Marilyn more time but it gives less time for everyone elseTherefore it seems that Marilyn is sacrificed for the others timeShe is at best only sacrificing only a very small amount of her timeIt's necessary to weight the good and bad of all the consequencesNarveson's Alterations: changing the sign would make Marilyn a 100% innocentProblem: If Marilyn 100% then she has done absolutely nothing to have those few moments of her life before she diesProblem: (2) Barton the pilot is under a contractual obligation. The pilot is helping MARILYN by not stopping the ship and waiting for the mother ship. What if there was no contract at all and Barton was being a good semaratonProblem (3): What if we simply change Marilyn into Cosmo and have absolute demand on those hours ingeniously change Marilyn into Cosmo and demands absolute rights on having the last few hours*If you have an absolute right nothing and no one can override it *Narvasons see this as the Utilitarian principalWhich action brings about the greatest good for the greatest numberFundamental right: equal utilityEveryone's utility is equalEverybody counts as oneDerivative rights: equal right not to be killedThe right not to be killed, sacrificed/ time not being taken away fromNot a single one is absoluteIt just means that everyone has a equal right not to be kill or not to be sacrificed for no good reasonQuality of time versus the quantity of timeWhat is the sum of human happiness and Barton believes it is choice AAccording to Narvasons choice B is insanityIf you can't justify the violation of Marilyn's right is then you chose Choice BIntro to Socrates and PlatoThe Pre-SocraticsReason (nouns)Arche: What is the origin of everythingThe major questions for Pre-socratic researchersPaley said that the arche is the origin of waterSocratesWe know that Socrates lived in athenes with very little travelFought in the war between athenes and SpartansSocrate lived more or less in povertyLifelong democratSocrates got married to prove that it's not true that famous philiosphists cant get marriedWated to understand the internal working s of humans benigActions and valuesFirst PhiliosophyMetaphysics (What is real?) : PlatoEpistemology (How do I know?) : DecarteEthics (What is good?) : SocratesSocrates (Continuation)Socrates entire philiosphy was more on...

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