Aristotle (384 BC – 322 BC) was a Greek philosopher. He was a student of Plato and the teacher of Alexander the Great. Together with other Greek philosophers like Plato and Socrates, he is considered to be one of the most important figures in Western Philosophy.
“All who have meditated on the art of governing mankind have been convinced that the fate of empires depends on the education of youth.” –Aristotle
Aristotle is believed to be the father of the Realism and the scientific method. He was of the view that human nature, habit and reason were important elements that needed to be cultivated in the educational process. He believed that a balance between practical and theoretical subjects was very important. He had quite explicitly laid great emphasis on subjects like Sciences, Reading, Writing, Mathematics, Physical Education, History and Literature. His main aim, through education, was to produce virtuous citizens for the society.
He believed that the role of the teacher was very important in this aspect as they were the ones who hold the knowledge and through systematic teaching, they would ingrain in the child, what is right and what is wrong. He believed that a child is not aware of this knowledge initially and it is through the teacher’s guidance that he eventually becomes more aware of this. Hence, it becomes the teacher’s responsibility until the child learns to make choices on his own.
Influence on educational practices today
Aristotle, though he had formed his ideas thousands of years ago, his philosophy has a great impact on the education we receive today. The main idea of Aristotle was that through education and learning, children become good and virtuous individuals in society. His belief is followed through in today’s educational system as one of the bigger aims of schooling and education is to make students realize their greater potential, help them learn about moral guidelines and make citizens who contribute to society in a positive way.
His other belief was that a teacher should systematically lead the child and help nurture his moral development. For Aristotle, education taught the child how to behave properly and show them...