The authoritative style is characterized by behavioral principles, high expectations of appropriate behavior, clear statements about why certain behaviors are acceptable and others not acceptable, and warm student-teacher relationships (Wenning, 2011). Like authoritative parents, authoritative teachers have students who tend to be self-reliant, delay gratification, get along well with their peers and show high-esteem (Wenning, 2011). Authoritative teachers engage students in considerable verbal give-and-take and show a caring attitude toward them, but they still declare limit when necessary (Wenning, 2011). Authoritative teachers also clarify rules and regulations, establishing standards with input from students. This teacher sometimes issues
discipline, but only after careful consideration of the circumstances. The authoritative teacher is also open to considerable verbal interaction, including critical debates (Dunbar, 2004). The students know that they can interrupt the teacher if they have a relevant question or comment. This environment offers students the opportunity to learn and practice communication skills.
Ethical role of the teacher in the classroom and community. The Code of Ethics key commitments are: commitment to the profession, commitment to students, commitment to colleagues, commitment to management personnel, commitment to parents, and finally, the community’s commitment to its teachers (Journal of Educational Controversy, 2006). The teacher is represented as a principled figure, entrusted with moral authority, able to make sense of change, and in doing so, can help students to make sense of change. The Code of Ethics stresses the public duties and moral commitment of teachers as public employees entrusted by society (Journal of Educational Controversy, 2006). This trust requires teachers to adhere to a moral code of conduct where true professionalism is guided by high ethical standards. Finally, the Code addresses teachers’ social agency and political commitment. Thus, there are explicit clauses requiring teachers to combat racism and discrimination (Journal of Educational Controversy, 2006).
Generally, the professional educator accepts personal responsibility for teaching students character qualities that will help them evaluate the consequences of and accept the responsibility for their actions and choices (Association of American Educators, 1994). Educators are obligated to help foster civic virtues such as integrity, diligence, responsibility, cooperation, loyalty, fidelity, and respect-for the law, for human life, for others, and for self. The professional educator, in accepting his or her position of public trust, measures success not only by the progress of each student toward realization of his or her personal potential, but also as a citizen of the greater community of the republic (Association of American Educators, 1994).
The educator strives to help each student realize his or her potential as a worthy and...