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Philosophy On Life And Death In Hamlet.

977 words - 4 pages

Philosophy on life and death is usually determined by a number of things. Religion, culture, traditions and family usually have something to do with the beliefs humans might have. During the course of a lifetime, experiences and accomplishments have a major influence on how we think as adults. During the play Hamlet, Hamlet's philosophies on life and death change significantly, due to the recent events in his life.In Hamlet's first soliloquy he reveals to the reader that he wishes he could disappear from the earth. He is so discouraged by life, and the continual run of negative events that are taking place. Primarily, his father's death has brought him anguish as well as his mother's marriage to his Uncle Claudius. His despair has driven him to suicidal thoughts, and that he would kill himself if suicide were not a violation of canon law."T'is an unweeded gardenThat grows to seed; things rank and gross in naturePossess it merely" (Page 12, line 141-142)In act 1, scene 4, Hamlet speaks to Horatio and Marcellus about how the fate of your character is inevitable. A flaw in man's character is something he can inherit, nurture or develop. Man may be born with this flaw, which makes him a victim of fate. When this occurs it absolves him of all responsibility for his behavior. Man's behavior can be attributed to their complexion, which is determined by four bodily fluids called humors. The humors are blood, phlegm, red bile and black bile; therefore a person could have a sanguine, phlegmatic, choleric or melancholic personality depending on which humor is in excess."So oft it chances in particular menThat for some vicious mole of nature in them,As in their birth, -wherein they are not guilty,Since nature cannot choose his origin, -By their o'ergrowth of some complexion" (Page 23, line 26-30)Hamlet meets with his father's ghost who has been banished to the fires of purgatory until his sins have been forgiven. His father instructs Hamlet to get revenge on his Uncle Claudius. Before Hamlet will revenge Claudius, he needs substantial proof that his uncle murdered his father because the ghost may have simply been a devil trying to lead Hamlet to damnation. Hamlet believes very much in there being a higher power and doesn't want to be played a fool if the ghost wasn't actually his father's spirit.In the 3rd Act, Hamlet reflects on the notions of suicide as a means of escape from life's problems. He concludes that the fear of the unknown after death keeps us all living. The question "To be or not to be" is one that every man or woman ponders during great times of crisis. He wonders if it is better to respond passively to the trials and errors of life; or is it better to take action and confront your problems?Or is it best to end all and commit suicide?...

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