Philosophy Rejected Essay

2110 words - 8 pages

Philosophy is an interesting pursuit. It causes us to search for truth, ethics and ask the question “why?” more often than we would otherwise. However, I have found that philosophy itself rather distracting. It leads to false answers to what might sometimes be false questions. It leads to radically held beliefs that can be destructive, difficult to understand, and often contrary to reality. Worst of all, it often answers questions that we as humans have no business answering with any certainty. I don't believe that philosophy itself is bad, however I do believe that we need to look at it much more pessimistically than most perspectives allow.
As it seems to me, most philosophical perspectives are in some way faulty. Having caught a glimpse of various viewpoints, I have witnessed a tremendous amount of sound reason and logic gone awry. These ideas have built up into worldviews that are mostly complete, but contrary to what is good or real. As a hopeful and pessimistic engineer-type geek, it is in my nature to dissect everything, find out what's wrong with it, and figure out the best thing to replace it with. Here lies my feeble attempt to work outside what is known and work with the philosophies of today.
I will start with Aristotle, as I was rather fond of his empiricism. The idea of how everything is substance and form is intriguing. I understand it, but I disagree. I believe that everything in the tangible universe is matter, but that its form is part of the matter, not separate. I also agree that knowledge of reality is gained in part by senses and experiences. Additionally, I agree that there is an underlying purpose to the change that surrounds us. His idea of an Unmoved Prime Mover is pretty cool as well, aside from the impersonal nature of it. I have seen the Unmoved Prime Mover concept used in many dialogues to facilitate common ground between Christians and the “faithless,” so I keep the it for it's utility at the very least.
Where I began to get confused is when we began to discuss virtue. I don't think I ever had a solid definition of the word, but I did not expect it to mean one's well-being. When asked if I believe that humans are inherently “virtuous,” I now have to clarify weather the asker means “good” or “seeking well-being.” I would say that humans seek well-being by default, but I would not say they are good from the beginning. A child will naturally seek the best food, toys and warmth, however the child will not be “good.” One does not have to teach a child to lie, cheat, steal or bully. These are all inherent traits, traits that Christians naturally attribute to the fall.
Another interesting springboard for discussion is Zeno's Stoicism. Stoicism says that fate controls your life and the only thing we really control is our attitude towards our circumstances. This makes me turn to whatever misconception I harbor regarding the “predestination” versus “free will” debate. I refuse to adhere to either side of the debate. This...

Find Another Essay On Philosophy Rejected

Stoicism Essay

1039 words - 4 pages things that even children tend to avoid in favor of preferred things. Preferred things include survival, health, popularity, good reputation, and wealth. Rejected things include death, ugliness, unpopularity, and poverty.The Stoic philosophy was widely accepted because its doctrines appealed to people of all classes. Slaves like Epictetus were drawn to it because Stoicism held that all men are created from the same Divine Fire, and thus all men

Kant: Moral Theories Essay

1276 words - 5 pages . As cited by Brink, Mill’s Moral and Political Philosophy, Mill rejected the egotism philosophy (hedonism) on his attempts to innovate the utility theory. Hedonism philosophy places mankind under the governance of two masters in nature, which are pain and pleasure. Mill argues that the natural sentiments originating from the human social nature coincide with utilitarianism. He further adds that the desire of mankind is happiness, and the same

Factors Affecting Natural Philosophy

871 words - 4 pages on the subject! This was uncommon. She expressed in her Observations on Experimental Philosophy in 1666 that she feared being rejected, that that the social norms of her time were definitely holding her back. Incidentally, she sardonically added that the “self-conceit of the masculine” and the “disregard of the female sex” was so great that men would have changed the female goddesses Muses, Graces, and Sciences into males if they could (Document

Lao Tzu

567 words - 2 pages do nothing in the sense of discerning and following the natural forces; to follow and shape the natural flow of events. All this is known as the Taoist doctrine of wu-wei. It can be understood as a way of mastering circumstances by understanding their nature and then shaping ones actions to comply.       The Taoist philosophy followed an interesting circle. On one hand, that Taoists rejected the regulation of life and

Reflections on Philosophies of Education

1761 words - 8 pages An educational philosophy It is an addition of a personal philosophy—ones values and the way one go at living ones life. Some people make their personal philosophy explicit by adopting the teachings of a religion, or the views of a particular philosophy. Other people have an implicit philosophy that simply "feels right" to them, but they don't necessarily look closely at the reasons why it feels right. In either case, philosophy is there at work

Descartes and Dualism

624 words - 2 pages feel and sense things only through his own body.   Descartes' philosophy "transformed European thought" (Strathern 55) by causing people to gradually reject the Aristotelian views of the mind and body.  Although later philosophers including Locke, Berkeley, and Hume rejected Descartes' ideas, other philosophers such as Regis and Malebranche expanded and improved upon Descartes' philosophy to form Cartesianism.   Works

Do philosophers or theorists have anything of value to offer in the conduct of politics?

2438 words - 10 pages studied.In the political realm, philosophy works to establish the values that society lives under. If we understand politics as the question not of who will rule but of what values should rule, it is clear that philosophy is the ultimate form of politics. In this sense, philosophers such as Socrates (469 BCE - 399 BCE) and Niccoló Machiavelli (1469 CE - 1527 CE) claim that politics stems from philosophical theory. Both philosophers, by using

Auditory Phenomena

1380 words - 6 pages developed phenomenology as an alternative to the scientific method in order to explore the structure of consciousness in an objective manner. Phenomenology emphasizes first-person, subjective methods, through which Husserl studied pre-conscious experience. He believed this structure was common to all people. His philosophy focused on experiencing the world as it is, without speculation or judgment. Husserl’s approach garnered much criticism from his

Voltaire's Candide

818 words - 3 pages      “Everything happens for the best, in this the best of all possible worlds.” This is a statement that can be found many times within Voltaire’s Candide. Voltaire rejected Lebitizian Optimism, using Candide as a means for satirizing what was wrong with the world, and showing that, in reality, this is not the best of all possible worlds.      The philosophy of Gottfried Wilhelm Leibnitz, which

The Philosophies of Georg Hegel and Herbert Spencer

1255 words - 5 pages The Philosophies of Georg Hegel and Herbert Spencer The Philosophy of Georg Wilhelm Hegel (1770-1801) Metaphysics      Georg Wilhelm Hegel aspired to find a philosophy that would embody all human experiences with the integration of not only science, but also religion, history, art, politics and beyond. Hegel’s metaphysical theory of absolute idealism claimed that reality was the absolute truth of all logic, spirit, and

Albert Camus The Stranger: Existentialism and Absurdism

1263 words - 5 pages Existentialism is a philosophy that emphasizes the uniqueness and isolation of the individual experience in a hostile or indifferent universe, regards human existence as unexplainable, and stresses freedom of choice and responsibility for the consequences of one's acts. This philosophy is essentially the crux of the novel The Stranger and not only serves as one of the themes but probably the main reason Albert Camus wrote the book altogether

Similar Essays

What Is The Meaning Of Philosophy?

1152 words - 5 pages grievance is not simply that any philosopher took Plato's position on this dualism, which means basing their theories on the nature of existence and knowledge, in the realm of the mind, soul or ideal. Indeed an equal number took the opposite view, and rejected the existence of mind, soul, intellect and consciousness. Their philosophy is grounded in experience and perception, and that alone. This perspective dominates today under the bannersof

How Radical Was Copernicus? Essay

988 words - 4 pages Ehlert- PAGE 1 Richard EhlertJanuary 23, 2009Professor StolzenbergHistory 136How Radical was Copernicus?Many people think of Copernicus as a radical scientist who shocked the world by claiming that the sun was the center of the universe. Although Copernicus rejected some of the traditional beliefs of Aristotelian natural philosophy and Ptolemaic astronomy, he was still strongly rooted in these schools of thought and they were extremely

Traditional Versus Modern Ethics Essay

552 words - 2 pages , 2005, p. 274-275). Kant followed both Plato and Aristotle that reason played an integral role in philosophy (Moore & Bruder, 2005, p. 278). Nietzsche, and the other existentialist philosophers, rejected the previous metrics for moral philosophy and redefined things on an individualistic level (Moore & Bruder, 2005, p. 285-286).Much like moral philosophy, political philosophy has at its root Plato and Aristotle. Plato's contribution was of

Introduction To Kierkegaard’s Philosophy Essay

3516 words - 14 pages and rejected, such aphorisms in life." This separation from the world, the refusal of relations (historical and natural ) has led to the idea of human freedom and confinement, that the meaning of life is inside, just as there can find it. Schopenhauer introduces askezata thesis in philosophy of compassion. Here we find many common grounds with Kierkegaard, Kierkegaard even when not result askeza. In Schopenhauer also human nature is the