Philosphie Essay

1356 words - 6 pages

Perception , perception (from Lat . Perceptio) is the cognitive process of receiving and converting the information to build a subjective opinion of the world, based on the on the senses receptors, the selection and the distinction of of the objects from the invironment, including the recognition of the the subject and the associations about it and must be meaningfull, structural, objectiv, constant (enable the recogniition of the same object on the basis of differing feelings) and selective (correspond to the needs of the individual =resonance principle, eg. inappropriate content showes a lower perception velocity, resist on perceived expectations = protection principle, threatening objects must be recognisible= alertness). Perception can be influenced by grouping (adjacency (close in space and time objects are often seen as ), similarity (similar objects are often seen as one object), closure (filling the gap tendency) as a part of integrity (continuous forms tendency)).

In physics and some computer the perception the perception plays an important role, eg in sensorics (robot sensory control systems, simulating biological perception systems algorithms, evaluating sensory systems, which are aware of their invironment), in interfaces between peoples and computers (images analising, text recognition), software ergonomics to test the quality of the software and the interface design.

We must differ the interoception=perception of one's own body, (interoception is subdivided in viszerozeption=perception of processes of ones own body and proprioception=awareness of the body position and movement in space, eg. depth sensitivity with the help of receptors in the tendons, the muscles and the joints, developes from the 3. embrional month) and and exteroception= perception of the outside world, which contains sight (visual perception process visual stimuli eg space, shape, color, contrast, brightness with the eye as the sensory organ develops from the 8. fetal month (premature babies distinguish light and dark) 12 years (perspective)), hearing (auditory perception proocess tones and sounds with the the ear as the sensory organ develops in the 7. fetal month and can be subdevided in the volume perception, tones perception, perception of frequencies, perception of rhythnus, perception of sound location), taste (tactile perception of vibration and pressure with the skin as the sensory organ developes from the 2-nd. embrional month), touch (haptic=tactile can be subdevided in trigeminal perception of the face with the help of the trigeminal nerve and the sense of balance=vestibular perception of changes in position relative to a gravitational field with the helpn of the inner ear is developed in the 4. fetal month, is very important immediately after birth and helps to acquire motor skills like standing and walking), smell (olfactory perception olfactory with the mucosa of the nose as the sensory organ), gustatory perception with the taste buds of the...

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