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Phobias Rough Copy Essay

1649 words - 7 pages

Fear is an inevitable bodily defense mechanism that has been around since the beginning of human evolution. Every human being experiences fear intermittently throughout their lifetime, In some, their fear(s) are so severe that they interfere with daily activities. An irrationalfear of an object, situation, or activity that a person feels obligated to avoid isconsidered a phobia (1). The word “phobia” originates from the Greek word "Phóbos" that translates as morbid fear (5). Phobias present themselves in different intensities. For example, one person may show negligible symptoms of claustrophobia while another could be completely conspicuous and avoid enclosed spaces altogether.Studies show that the reason for phobiasto arise comes from traumatic events that took place in a person’s childhood. The definition of a phobia is interpolated into two parts: indirect phobias and direct phobias. Although different types of phobias all have various aspects, the diagnosing process is quite similar in both. Living with phobias can range from being very effortless to difficultdepending on the magnitude of the fear. Thus the definition, diagnoses and subsistence/managementof phobias are all extremely complex and misunderstood elements.
Despite popular belief, phobias are more tortuous than most people assume. There are two main classes of phobias: indirect phobias and direct phobias, Indirect phobias are continuous anxieties originating from a number of different causes(7). Two examples of indirect phobias are fear of locomotion and germaphobia. Having a fear of locomotion means that a person gains extreme anxiety and becomes very uncomfortable at the thought and/or feeling of irregular movement. For example, plane rides can trigger this uncomfortable experience for those subsisting with locomotion. Germaphobia, also known as mysophobia, is the paranoia of contamination and pathological fear of filthy microorganisms known as germs. In Hollywood there are many people who are very open with their germaphobia. Howie Mandel is one of these people. Direct phobias are a result of traumatizing events that occurred in the past. The fearful events were embedded into the brain and are now associated with the particular object or situation where it originated from. Most people with direct phobias do not remember the event that caused their phobia in the past (7). Two examples of direct phobias are social and specific. Social phobias are the most disruptive of all phobias in a person’s daily ventures, the majority of them present themselves between the ages of fifteen and twenty. A social phobia is when someone is petrified of being humiliated, judged and/or loathed by others. A specific phobia is a specific fear of something. The most prevalent specific phobias are; Aerophobia: the fear of flying, Acrophobia: the fear of heights and Necrophobia: the fear of death (3). Just as the definition of phobias is split into two parts, specific phobias are separated into...

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