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Phonology:Rules For Stress In English Essay

659 words - 3 pages

Rules for stressWhen a word has more than one syllable, one of the syllables is always a little louder than the others. The syllable with the louder stress is the accented syllable. It may seem that the placement of accents in words is often random or accidental, but these are some rules that usually work.1. Accents are often on the first syllable. Examples: ba'/sic, pro'/gram.2. In words that have suffixes or prefixes, the accent is usually on the main root word. Examples: 'box/es, un/'tie.3. If de-, re-, ex-, in-,po-, pro-, or a- is the first syllable in a word, it is usually not accented. Examples: de/'lay, ex/'plore.4. Two vowel letters together in the last syllable of a word often indicates an accented last syllable. Examples: com/'plain, con/'ceal.5. When there are two like consonant letters within a word, the syllable before the double consonants is usually accented. Examples: be/'gin/ner, 'let/ter.6. The accent is usually on the syllable before the suffixes -ion, ity, -ic, -ical, -ian, -ial, or -ious, and on the second syllable before the suffix -ate. Examples: af/fec/'ta/tion, dif/fer/'en/ti/ate.7. In words of three or more syllables, one of the first two syllables is usually accented. Examples: 'ac/ci/dent, de/'ter/mine.8. Stress on penultimate syllable (penultimate = second from end)Rule exampleWords ending in -ic GRAPHic, geoGRAPHic, geoLOGicWords ending in -sion and -tion teleVIsion, reveLAtion9. Stress on ante-penultimate syllable (ante-penultimate = third from end)Rule exampleWords ending in -cy, -ty, -phy and -gy deMOcracy, dependaBIlity, phoTOgraphy, geOLogyWords ending in -al CRItical, geoLOGical10. Compound words (words with two parts)Rule exampleFor compound nouns, the stress is on the first part BLACKbird, GREENhouseFor compound adjectives, the stress is on the second part bad-TEMpered, old-FASHionedFor compound verbs, the stress is on the second part to underSTAND, to overFLOW11. Phrasal verbs (a.k.a. two-word or two-part verbs) are generally made up of a verb and preposition. In phrasal verbs, the preposition gets the word stress. If they have a...

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