Photoshop was published and developed by Adobe Systems. It is an editing program that has led to much greater photographic ability for people. Photoshop was created in February 20, 1987 when PhD student Tom Knoll who was studying Engineering at the University of Michigan, realized that his Mac Plus failed to display gray-scale images on its 1-bit black and white display (Musngi). He immediately began coding a program that would once and for all solve his issue. John Knoll, Tom's brother, who was in charge of the special effects department for Industrial Light and Magic recommended that it be developed into a full image editing program after he saw and gained interest in what Tom was doing (Kmahesh). The software was used to display gray scale images on a monochrome display(Musngi). Knoll decided to called it ‘Display.’ We could now consider Display as the unofficial father of our beloved Photoshop (Musngi). The Knoll brothers renamed Display, Image-Pro. With Thomas' programming abilities and John's pragmatic design background, the brother's developed more processes and improved the initial application, taking Image-Pro even further. The process led to interruptions and delays in the thesis work Thomas had, but nonetheless, they released Image-Pro in 1988.
Once released, John suggest that they should begin selling Image-Pro as an application. With the many advanced features for displaying images that this program had, it was not very difficult for the brothers to sell it commercially. This being the reason why Image-Pro was changed to "Photoshop." Thomas managed to sell it to a scanner company names, Barneyscan. Two-hundred copies of the programs were purchased to ship with their scanners.
Thomas and John approached many companies, including Supermac and Aldus, but none of them were ready to take the step and purchase Photoshop. They were turned away multiple times. That did not stop Knolls. Not much time passed when the brothers struck a deal with none other than Adobe. Photoshop was not sold wholesale but only licensed and distributed, leaving the Knolls with the royalties. This wasn't the end of the Knolls' hard work. They had to work twice as hard to get Photoshop officially ready to release version 1.0. Thomas, continued developing the application codes as he did before, and John separately added plug-ins, most of which were he had to find a way to sneak them in without the Adobe staff's knowledge, who viewed them as "gimmicks."
The release of Adobe 1.0 on February 1st, 1990, was success. There were a couple, tiny and unnoticeable bugs as is expected of mostly all programs, but the release was a success nonetheless. To present Photoshop as a mass-market, easy and simple tool for anyone to use instead of aiming it towards specialists as most graphics software did at the time, was Adobe's key marketing decision.
To date, thirteen versions of Photoshop have been released. Each new version has been jam-packed with better, more...