Physical and motor development are two similar but different areas that describe child development. Physical development encompasses all of the various changes a child's body goes through. Those changes include height, weight, and brain development. Motor development is the development of control over the body. This control would involve developing reflexes such as blinking, large motor skills like walking, and fine motor skills like manipulating their fingers to pick up small objects like Cheerios. It is important to objectively study physical and motor development in children to gain knowledge on what characteristics are considered typical for each age and stage of development. This will enable me to be aware of when a child or children are developing at an irregular pace, and devise recommendations or find experiences and other resources that can aid in stimulating their development and to work towards closing achievement gaps. This particular assignment was to observe the selected child and reaffirm the importance of studying physical and motor development, and to develop ideas on how to involve it in my work as an early childhood professional.
Introduction to the Child and Family
The child that I selected to observe through the course of this semester is a Caucasian female. Her name is “R.” She was born on April 24, 2013. She is currently 10 months old, but will be turning one year old at the end of the semester. “R” is a child who is very active. She has an independent but outgoing personality. At this stage, she exhibits uncertainty with strangers and other people she recalls but has not physically seen in a period of time. Some of “R”'s favorite activities include tossing objects, mirroring actions and movements, music, and interacting with books. She is an only child. “R” is becoming more interested with her environment.
“R” is 28.5 inches tall. She weighs 20 lbs. Her head is ¼ the size of her body, as supported by Santrock's graph (2013, pg. 136). She has long legs. “R” is both breast and bottle fed, in addition to consuming foods such as rice cereal, Cheerios, and pureed fruit and vegetable baby food. She is current on her immunizations. According to Physical and Motor Development, at one year old, an average child will have nearly tripled their birth weight and will be between 32-36 inches tall (Office of Head Start by the University of Cincinnati, 2012). “R” was 6lbs 12oz and 19.5 inches long at birth. At 10 months, she has already tripled her weight and is nearing the suggest average height for a toddler.
Large Motor Development Overview
“R” is very active. She enjoys walking with the assistance of a push toy or by holding someone's hands. She is able to take 5-7 steps on her own. As she is being held, she communicates her wanting to walk by bending her knees, leaning slightly forward, and lifting her legs in an alternating motion . When someone stands up to move around, “R” enjoys crawling to follow their...