The personality and social development of human is influenced during young adult development stages which are physical, cognitive, and emotional. ( Crandell & Bieger, 1994) ( refer to Figure 1 in Appendix 1). Young adult range from late teens to early twenties. During young adulthood, human’s thought are getting more complex and critical as them intergrate both cognitive and emotional. Young adult are getting to values realtionships and making decisions based on future consequences. ( Aiken, 1998). At this stage, human will develop skills and maximize physical and intelectual capabilities.
Firstly, the development of adolescence is the physical changes where there is physical maturation occurred. The adolescences experience and undergo the maturing of their body changing physically from their childhood physical and become aware about their body changes (Mannheim, 2014). According to Mannheim (2014), the mark of the puberty in female is having the menstrual cycle; whereas the male is having the nocturnal emissions which is meant wet dream and also undergoes the enlargement penis. The physical maturation in both genders is noticeable, which are the females have their breast grow and widening hips; meanwhile the males have their facial and chest hair, and changes in their voice which is becoming deeper. The tents are very self-conscious with their self-image and body and resulting in comparing themselves with their peer (Mannheim, 2014).
Generally, the adolescent begins to search their identity and being separate from the parent. To try the several of the identities, the adolescent mingle and be friends with different kind of people (Fritscher, 2014). According to Erik Ericson’s Identity versus Identity Confusion stage, the teens are searching for their uniqueness about themselves and their identity (Kail & Cavanaugh, 2013). Kail & Cavanaugh (2013), individual that are having a strong self-identity will be confidently to face his next phase development stage. However, those are failed and have their identity crisis will causing they are clueless about themselves (Kail & Cavanaugh, 2013).
The second stage of development in young adults is cognitive development. Most young adults aged 18 and above will move into adult roles and responsibilities and may learn a trade, work, and or pursue higher education. During this stage, young adults establish a relationship with others and being competent in life. At this stage, young adults will start to identify career goals and prepare to achieve the goals. Besides, cognitive development is when the young adults develop new skills, hobbies and adult interests. With cognitive develop in young adulthood, the young people tend to understand and integrate diverse points of view in moral judgement. The contribution of young adult’s cognitive development are higher education, complex work and close relationships with others. (Bornstein, Vandell, & Rook, 2010).
According to Bornstein et al. (2010), cognitive...