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Physical Landscape Of Ethiopia Essay

1200 words - 5 pages

Ethiopia is located in the Eastern region of Africa. According to the Embassy of Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, Ethiopia lies between the geographical coordinates of 3’ and 14. 8’ latitude and 33’and 48’ longitude. Ethiopia encompasses a majority of the area known as the Horn of Africa. The CIA World Factbook states that Ethiopia is approximately 1,104,300 square kilometers (686,180 miles). To give a better perspective of the sheer size of this country, it is about twice the size of the state of Texas. The CIA World Factbook also states that Ethiopia’s area ranks 27th when compared to the area size of all other countries in the world.
Ethiopia is a completely landlocked country. Access to the Red Sea is blocked its former autonomous region, Eritrea, which is located to the north of this country. The small country of Djibouti is located to Ethiopia’s northern borders, alongside Eritrea. Preventing access to the Indian Ocean is Somalia on Ethiopia’s eastern border. Lying on Ethiopia’s southern border is Kenya. On the south western border sits South Sudan and Sudan covers the north western border (Ofcansky and Berry).
Much of Ethiopia is covered by highlands, plateaus and mountains and with this country’s climate is categorized as primarily H with some subcategories of B on the Köppen system (Attoh). The Western Highlands and Eastern Highlands that consume most of Ethiopia are dissected by the Eastern Rift Valley that slices through from the northeast to the southwest. The highlands here are classified as H climates which means that they experience temperate climates and dry winters. The highlands here can receive up to 80 inches of rainfall a year and average temperatures in the low 60s F (Brittanica.com). Attoh classifies the remaining areas as the B (dry climate) subcategory of Bsh (semiarid climate). These areas usually experience an average rainfall of less than 20 inches (51 cm) annually and the mean of the annual temperature being high, averaging in the low 80s F (Britannica). The Encyclopedia of the Nations states that Ethiopia experiences three rain seasons. The most rain comes during the monsoon season, taking place from mid-June to mid-September. The high plateau regions receive a second and lighter period of rain from December to February. In April and May the country can experience very light rains (Encyclopedia of the Nations).
There are several major geographical features of Ethiopia is the Ethiopian Rift Valley. The Ethiopian Rift Valley is a part of the East African Rift Valley that cuts southwest through Ethiopia. The northern section begins the triangular basin of the Denakil Depression. This desert region expands out to the Red Sea and reaches up 125 (410 feet) meters below sea level making it the lowest point of elevation in Ethiopia. This region is also home to the live volcanoes known as the Denakil Alps. Some of the volcanoes are still very active. This region is also known to be one of the hottest places on...

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