As recently the New Mexico judge allowed the physician to aid the dying of the patients that has the terminally illness, the state of New Mexico will potentially become the 5th state in the United States after Oregon, Washington, Montana and Vermont. This issue soon become the most eye-catching issues recently and brought up the debate of such issue along with the medical ethics, religions and human rights that was already goes along for decades, and this article will contain the argument that why should the physician-assisted suicide along with its’ legitimate and voluntarily practice should be justified from the perspective of the autonomy of the patients and it’s incununous to the society under current circumstances.
Definition of physician-assisted suicide
It’s hard to recognize the outcome and have an objective view about certain issue without knowing what is its’ actual definition. The definition of physician-assisted suicide is “when a person - typically someone suffering from an incurable illness or chronic intense pain - intentionally kills him/herself with the help of a doctor. A doctor may prescribe drugs on the understanding that the patient intends to use them to take a fatal overdose; or a doctor may insert an intravenous needle into the arm of a patient, who then pushes a switch to trigger a fatal injection”( ETHICAL DEBATE: On the horns of a dilemma.）.
People usually are unable to distinguish the physician-assisted suicide from the euthanasia. In fact, “assisted suicide differs from euthanasia, which is when someone other than the patient ends the patient's life as painlessly as possible out of mercy. Euthanasia may be active, such as when a doctor gives a lethal injection to a patient. It can also be passive, in cases where a physician doesn't resuscitate a patient whose heart has stopped, or it can happen when a doctor removes life-support equipment.”( ETHICAL DEBATE: On the horns of a dilemma.）.
So in other words, the actual practice physician assisted suicide must be done by the patient himself rather than the physician, which means the involuntary practice and abuse of such practice is usually unlikely to happen, since the patients themself have to make this hard decision.
Potential and actual uses
As I explained in the previous paragraph, the people that choose the physician suicide mostly are “suffering from an incurable illness or chronic intense pain”. In other words, which means that they are usually suffer the chronic illness and such illness is in its’ later period that is not long away from the end of life. “Of the 2.5 million people who now die in the U.S. annually, roughly two thirds succumb after protracted struggles with chronic illnesses such as heart disease and cancer.( Horgan, John., Johnson, Johnny..)” Which means that the legalize of the physician-assisted suicide could be potentially beneficial to the majority of people if they could make such choice when they feel like necessary. Since no one in this...