Physics Essay

2144 words - 9 pages

Ariel L. ChicasProfessor Chuck IversonPhysics 21012/16/2011Father of physic: Isaac NewtonIn the Physic class we have studied various topics such as measuring speed, measuring sound and heat but there was a name that was always mentioned and that name was Isaac Newton. It was mentioned either by his three laws or a unit of measurement. Isaac Newton was a greatest English astronomer and he was also highlighted as a great physicist and mathematician. He was actually a genius to whom we owe the discovery of the law of universal gravitation, which is one of the cornerstones of modern science. He was one of the inventors of differential and integral calculus. He managed to build the first reflecting telescope. There are also important contributions to the study of light. He established the laws of classical mechanics, and starting from the universal law of gravitation deduced Kepler's laws more generally.Isaac Newton was born on January 4, 1643, in the village of Woolsthorpe, Lincolnshire, curiously the same day that Galileo Galilei died. He was a premature infant and was also known as a neurotic child. Newton's life was very difficult. His father, a farmer, died of pneumonia a few months before, and his mother struggled to carry forward the family farm. There were very difficult times in his country. A civil war that altered England for six years had begun in 1642. When I was three, his widowed mother remarried and left him with his grandmother.His early education was received in schools in nearby villages. At twelve he was enrolled in primary school at Grantham, a town ten miles from home. He got along poorly with the other boys from school; they found him to be weird and too smart. Newton built a small wooden windmill. He did a cart that could propel spinning as he sat on it while the other boys were playing. Intrigued by the early sundials, he learned to calculate not only the time but also the day of the month, and predict events such as solstices and equinoxes. Even the wind fascinated him. While people were seeking for a shelter from the wind, the young man did his first scientific experiment. First, he jumped with the wind, then against it. Comparing the distances of the two jumps, he was able to estimate the strength of the gale.Later, at eighteen, he enrolled at Trinity College, Cambridge, where he quickly distinguished by his teacher, mathematician Isaac Barrow (1630-1677), obtaining, in 1665, his bachelor's degree in arts. Newton was preparing to start graduate work when we had to stop. England was hit by the bubonic plague which carried off thousands of lives, especially in cities like London and Cambridge. The university closed temporarily while his students fled to rural areas less affected. Newton returned to Woolsthorpe to the family farm.After a break of almost two years, he returned to Trinity College, which was elected a fellow in 1667. He received the title of professor in 1668. During this time he devoted himself to study and...

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